12 definitions by Belisarius

(b.1724-d.1804) German professor of metaphysics at Konigsberg, who perhaps has been the most powerful influence on modern Western philosophical thought.
Kant is known for his theory of transcendental idealism (that we bring innate forms and concepts to the raw experience of the world, which we would otherwise be completely ignorant of). His revolutionary book, 'Critique of Pure Reason' includes this thought experiment: Try to imagine something that exists in no time and has no extent in space. The human mind cannot produce such an idea—time and space are fundamental forms of perception that exist as innate structures of the mind. Nothing can be perceived except through these forms, and the limits of physics are the limits of the fundamental structure of the mind.

Kant's deontological, duty-based moral system is based on his categorical imperative, and it's three formulations: those of Universal Law, Humanity, and Automony.

Kant's ideas have been both copied and condemned, though there is no denying his influence on modern thought. Most philosophers, from Marx to Nietzsche to Wittgenstein have had to either react to the ideas of Kant in one way or another.

Kant also formulated the first modern theory of solar system creation, known as the Kant-Laplace hypothesis.
Kant said: "Happiness is not an ideal of reason, but of imagination."
by Belisarius March 2, 2004
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Contrived language of Oceania from George Orwell's "1984." It uses many English words, albeit with a greatly simplified vocabulary and sentence structure. The elimination of synonyms and antonyms helped this process. It was created in attempt to influence the thought of Oceania's citizens and make it impossible to express thoughts dangerous to Ingsoc (Newspeak for English Socialism). Today this is recognized as political correctness.

Examples:

Minitruth="Ministry of Truth" (Oceanian propaganda ministry)
Ungood="bad"
Doubleplusgood="excellent"
Doublethink=the ability to hold two contradictory thoughts at a time
B-B="Big Brother", ie the State

These translations give a rough estimate of some general rules when using Newspeak.
Thoughtcrime does not entail death: thoughtcrime IS death.
by Belisarius March 2, 2004
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Reference to the Fascist dictator of Italy from 1922 until he was deposed in the face of advancing Allied armies in 1943. His irresponsible policies, including launching various wars of conquest years before his military and industry was ready resulted in a humiliting defeat of his countrymen. In 1945 he was shot and strung up alongside his executed wife for jeering crowds to spit upon.
Il Duce was a Mussolini Dickface.
by Belisarius March 2, 2004
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1. Consumer advocate noted in particular for dooming the Corvair automobile.

2. Nader was the Green Party's presidential candidate (with Winona LaDuke as running mate) in the 1996 and 2000 races, and is running as an independent for 2004.
Ralph Nader's vote-splitting has been hotly contested by Republicans and Democrats.
by Belisarius March 2, 2004
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1. One of many ancient Teutonic tribes originating in what is now Germany.

2. One of the many tribes of barbarians overrunning the Roman Empire during the 3rd, 4th and 5th centuries A.D.
The Ostrogoths settled in what was Roman Italia, while the Visigoths eventually settled down on the Iberian peninsula.
by Belisarius March 2, 2004
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"...the number sewn on the groody part just above the old tick-tocker..."
by Belisarius March 2, 2004
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Verb.
1. To enclose or become enclosed.

2. To turn or become inward.

3. To infold or become infolded so as to form a hollow space within a previously solid structure.
The larnyx ventricle conists of a large fold invaginating from the lumen.
by Belisarius March 3, 2004
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