Albert Camus was a 20th century french essayist and novelist. He was born in Algeria and studied philosophy at university then embarking on a journalistic career before starting to write.

His novels were concerned with deeply philosophic problems and curiosities. He is often referred to as the "godfather of existentialism", there is a lot of truth in this as he and Sartre were he pioneers of the revised investigation into phenomolical ontology (existence as it appears to humans).

He never referred to his own work as existential which although naturally a tad absurd helps to elucidate his isolation from the existentialist crowd such as Sartre. He never seemed committed or asssured of one theory but instead was interested in experimenting and disseccting the world philosophically as he saw it.

His huge influence also spread to the theatre through his concept of the "absurd" as outlined in his masterwork, "the myth of sysiphus" which starts with the preposition that as humans we live in a cold, non-responsive mateial world devoid of meaning, and since he was an atheist no leap of faith or god could provide consolation. From this thought he then considered suicide as a possible solution but instead wished to design a philosophy for existing in such an absurd and cruel world and therefore giving it meaning. His struggle with suicide, or arguable nihilistic thoughts, emanated throughout this work as the notion of solipsism (believing you are the only conscious being in existence, or some variety of belief that self-centered) did in Sartre's. And through this remarkable work the ideal of existentialism was constructed: to establish meaning in a meaningless world entirely through one's own mind and accepting and bearing all the pretty crushing responsibility this entailed.

This notion of the "absurd" was engendered into to the theatrical scene through the emergence of the "theatre of the absurd" pioneered by playrights such as Samuel Beckett and his dazzling "Waiting for Godot". This theatre despite adopting such heavyweight philosophical themes was always very amusing, often in an "absurd" way.

Following the "myth" Camus' next collection of essays was "the rebel" which set to describe and provide an account for what Camus identified as man's intrinsic existential virtue, which was rebellion against a corupt, evil or in same way philosophically undesireable present state in order to construct a better one. This collection took Camus 6 years to write and is an impressively thorough and insightful work. Although it is was not as revolutionary as "The Myth" it is a very worthwhile, and i found, very informative and educational piece. It gives an account of what Camus thought were acts of existential insurrection from Marquis de Sade's sexcapades through to the communist revolutions. As well as such historic descriptions "The Rebel" also describes acts of existential rebellion in art, literature etc. Camus also describes in a politically scientific way the progress of all such rebellions and guidelines by which suhc rebellions do not fall from grace into to tyranny as many did, (for example the emrerance of the Stalinist dictatorship soiling he aims of the intial rebellions, incidentally it was this critique of communism that cultivated the insurmountable rift between him and Sartre.)

Camus was no doubt one of the most prodigious and revolutionary thinkers of the 20th century and one who was partly responsible for the evolution of the philosophical period of Existentialism.

To those who are unfamiliar with Camus i recommend first reading "The outsider" which is a brilliantly accessible novel encapsulating his existential thoughts, then i recommed reading "The Myth" and finally "The Rebel". And after this read anything else that takes your fancy.
Camus in "the myth" compared the life of a person philosophically to Sysiphus who was cursed to push a huge bouldor up a steep ridge over and over again for the rest of his life: this comparison conveys the meaninglessness Camus observed in our existence, yet despite this Camus desired to secure happiness in this seemingly nightmarish existence.
by wig_wog August 17, 2005
"Colaiste Camus" irish college located in Conemara, Galway, Ireland. Best irish college in EXISTANCE!! even if it is a bit of a cult...
"dearg armAAAII"
"feach ar sin taimid ar ais i colaiste camus aris... an ait is fearr sa domhain"
by ........ April 6, 2005
A pimp ass 3 v 3 team in tucson az that is for poor deprived midgets. The junior team has a height restriction of 4'11" and the seniors team (which can own the juniors at will) has no height restriction but must have some type of connection to the juniors team or have an invitation in order to join.
Shit! Why does CAMU always beat us whenever we play them? They're so small! How do they do it?
by CAMU INFILTRATOR February 28, 2004
An author whose sole purpose in life is to confuse and annoy people with hypocritical philosophy.
hi I'm camus and I love both life and death, it's difficult being this non-existential
by Columbo13 April 18, 2011
Person that has a small knowledge about sports and general knowledge.
Matteo: Are you a camus?
Mil: No of course not! Apparenlty I'm an almighty god.
Matteo: ohh.
by All knowing person 23 January 4, 2010
when a guy fucks his mom while his father fucks his sister...
Francois told me about the time he went dirty camus and his whole family joined in...
by Dr. Simulacra October 15, 2013
An underground rapper, vocalist, and producer known for his charismatic and creative approach that is under appreciated by the majority of the rap community, but deemed creative, dope, and original by his audience.

Originally from Ohio, Camu is notorious for marking Ohio onto the world underground hip hop through the emergence of the now defunct MHz crew. Camu's record label is New York based label Definitive Jux and is of part rap and production groups such as Central Services, The Weathermen, S.A. Smash, Nighthawks, and MHz. His frequent collaborators may include El-P, Cage, and Aesop Rock - and other WM members.

Just recently Camu passed away, and proved through his passion, humor, and enjoyment that he will never be defunct through hip hop.
R.I.P. Camu Tao
June 6th, 1977 - May 25th, 2008
"Death, where have you been all my life."
Your pain is over.
by Aysad June 17, 2008