The Avtomat Kalashnikova model of 1947 is a gas operated, selective fire assault rifle designed from 1945 to 1946 by Soviet tank commander Mikhail Kalashnikov to fill the need for a rifle-caliber automatic infantry weapon within the Soviet military, after experiences against the German StG-44 which deeply influenced Soviet doctrine in the post-war years. It has become the single most prolific weapon ever created, with models in use by military and police, or civilian consumers in nearly every country in the world. Chambered in the intermediate 7.62x39mm R.

The AK-47 is best described as an amalgamation of several previous weapons designs. It has the Trigger, Double locking lugs, and unlocking raceway of the M1 Garand and M1 Carbine, the Safety mechanism of the John Browning designed Remington Model 8, and the layout and gas system of the StG-44.

Versions of the AK-47 include the following:

AK-47 Type 1/2(1948-1951) - Most rifles manufactured with a milled steel receiver.

AK-47 Type 3(1952) - All rifles manufactured with a milled steel receiver.

RPK - Handheld Automatic-Rifle variant with a longer barrel and a bipod.

AKM - Modernized variant with various improvements over the AK-47.

AK-74 series - Series of the AK-type rifle which replaced the AK-47 in 1978. Chambered in 5.45x39mm

AK-101/AK-102/AK-103/AK-104 series - modernizations of the AK-74

AK-107/AK-108 series - incorporates a balanced bolt group, reducing muzzle jump, vibrations, and felt recoil.
The Avtomat Kalashnikova model 1947, or AK-47, is the single most prolific assault rifle ever created, second to none, although the rifles quality is questionable.
by Herr Jaeger November 23, 2011
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Avtomat Kalashnikov 1947

Invented by Mikhail Kalashnikov. Quite possibly the most popular assault rifle in existence, mostly because of mass proliferation.

7.62x39mm Soviet, 30-round clip. Has countless variants. Today it is black-marketted by terrorist cells (mostly because the AK is easy to make).
The AK-47 has been reported to have certain performances that surpass that of the Colt M16 series, and one reason is because the AK doesn't contain as many moving parts (therefore, maintenance is very easy). The AK-47 can also brave any type of harsh condition and environment.

There are ALL kinds of variants to the AK-47:
*AK-74 (5.45x39mm Soviet assault rifle)
*AKS-74u (5.45x39mm Soviet carbine)
*Saiga 12 (12g auto shotgun)
*Dragunov SVD (7.62x39mm Soviet sniper/infantry-backup rifle)
These 4 are just some.
"The AK-47 is cool. ^_^ I want one!"
-me
by Dave April 16, 2004
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The world's absolute most proliferous assault rifle, with more than 90 million units currently existing. Commonly seen as a terrorist weapon, and for good reason, as it is relatively inexpensive, and very robust, able to brave extreme weather conditions. Chambered for the Russian 7.62 x 39 mm rifle cartridge.
by Anonymous August 09, 2003
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Of all the weapons in the vast Soviet arsenal, nothing is more profitable than Avtomat Kalashnikova model of 1947... more commonly known as the AK-47, or Kalashnikov. It's the world's most popular assault rifle. A weapon all fighters love. An elegantly simple 9 pound amalgamation of forged steel and plywood. It doesn't break, jam, or overheat. It'll shoot whether it's covered in mud or filled with sand. It's so easy, even a child can use it; and they do. The Soviets put the gun on a coin. Mozambique put it on their flag. Since the end of the Cold War, the Kalashnikov has become the Russian people's greatest export. After that comes vodka, caviar, and suicidal novelists.
Got shot from an AK-47.
by LuckyXIII January 22, 2007
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If you absolutely have to kill every last motherfucker in the room, accept no substitute.
by Squambob January 27, 2004
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Most retarded morons say the AK shoots the 7.62 and relate it to the 7.62x51mm NATO, which is used as a sniping round, hunting round and light or heavy machine gun round.

The AK-47 (Avtomat Kalashnikova, or "Automatic Kalashnikov") uses the 7.62x39mm Soviet round, first fielded in the Russian light machine gun, the RPD. The purpose of using "intermediate" rounds like the 7.62x39mm, the 5.56x45mm, and the 5.45x39.5mm is to reduce the weight that a soldier carries into battle or to increase the amount of ammunition the soldier can carry. A 7.62x39mm round weighs less than half the weight of the Russian standard power rifle round, the 7.62x54mmR. Thus, by switching to the smaller round, a soldier can carry more ammunition and thus produce more kills. The smaller round also has less recoil and makes less noise and flash when fired from shorter weapons.

The AK-47 was invented by Mikhail T. Kalashnikov, originally, in 1945. Kalashnikov was a Russian tank commander who was wounded in WWII. During his recovery, he studied automatic weapons such as the MP-40, the StGw-44, the PPSh, and basically any automatic weapon he could get his hands on. He submitted his design to the Russian high command in 1945. It underwent several improvements to make it cheaper and faster to produce, and was finally approved in 1947. Full scale mass production started in 1949.

The AK-47 uses a system of operation known as "Rotating bolt, long stroke recoil" system. It is called "long stroke" because the gas piston is attached to the bolt carrier, and moves all the way back with the bolt carrier and all the way foreward with it. For comparison, the SKS rifle uses the short-stroke style of operation, where the gas piston moves back only around a centimeter before hitting the op-rod (operating rod), which then hits the bolt carrier, unlocking it.

The "rotating bolt" part comes from how the bolt locks into the weapon. Some guns, like the SKS, have the bolt lock into the reciever. This is a decent form of operation, but the reciever must be made of a strong matereal to support the pressure against the bolt when firing. A stronger reciever is more expensive and takes longer to make. Thus, the AK-47 uses a rotating bolt system of operation, where the bolt locks around the barrel. Since the reciever is under much less strain during firing, it can be made of cheaper, thinner matereal and can be stamped instead of milled.

The AK-47 is extremely reliable because it has loose tolerances. Because of this, dirt and oversized rounds of ammunition will almost never stop it, and also, loose tolerances mean that replacement parts can be obtained from practically any source and work. However, loose tolerances also mean less accuracy.

The AK-47 is simple, reliable, and durable.

Weight: Fixed stock variant, 9 pounds.
Barrel length: 16.3 inches.
Ammunition type: 7.62x39mm Soviet
Firing rate: 700 rounds per minuite (fully automatic variants)
Magazine capacity: 5, 10, 20, 30, 40, 45, 50, 55. Drums can be had in 75 and 100 round capacities.

Over time, the AK has advanced and become used in almost every role possible. An AK used in the Light Machine Gun role is the RPK-47 or RPK-74. An AK used in the sniping role (and chambered in 7.62x51mm NATO, 8mm, or 7.62x54mmR) is the Romanian PSL or Yugoslavian M-76. An AK used in the Personal Defense Weapon role is the AKS-74U, seen carried by Bin-Laden. An AK used in the pistol role is usually called an AKP, most models of which are made in America for the civilian market in semi-automatic mode.
Hey my AK-47 may be semi-automatic but I can bump-fire a 30 round magazine in 4 seconds.
by SuperFly7.62 February 26, 2006
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Russian pron. Avtomat Kalashnikova, obretza 1947 goda.
English: Automatic Kalashnikov, model (of) 1947 (year).

1. Gas-operated, piston-driven, rotating-bolt, air-cooled, select-fire rifle, fed by means of a detatchable 30-round box magazine designed by Sergeant Mikail Kalashnikov circa 1945-46. Submitted to the Soviet Army Ordnance Board for trial in 1947 and introduced to the Soviet Army in 1949. Very few actual AK-47 rifles still exist; most Kalashnikovs are the AKM (Russian pron. Avtomat Kalashnikova Modernizirovannyj obretza 1959 goda. English: Automatic Kalashnikov, Modernised, model of 1959);

2. Popular usage: any Kalashnikov rifle or LMG.
"The AK-47 is the most widely proliferated assault rifle in the world, with an estimated 90 million units having been made since 1949."
by RCEME Rat February 17, 2006
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