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1. The holding or expression of opinions at variance with those commonly or officially held.

2. Refusal to accept the doctrines of an established or orthodox Church; nonconformity.

3. (In sport) the offence of expressing disagreement with the referee's decision.

4. (US) a statement by a judge giving reasons as to why he or she disagrees with a decision made by the other judges in a court case.

5. To have or express an opinion different from a prevailing or official position; disagree.

6. Difference of opinion or feeling; disagreement.

7. To have a disagreement or withhold assent.

8. A difference of opinion.

9. To differ in sentiment or opinion, esp. from the majority.

10. To reject the doctrines or authority of an established church.

11. (Law) a judicial opinion reaching a conclusion contrary to that reached by the majority of judges deciding a case; a minority opinion. Also called dissenting opinion.
Dissent is a sentiment or philosophy of non-agreement or opposition to a prevailing idea (e.g., a government's policies) or an entity (e.g., an individual or political party which supports such policies). The term's antonyms include agreement, consensus (when all or nearly all parties agree on something) and consent, when one party agrees to a proposition made by another.

In some political systems, dissent may be formally expressed by way of opposition politics, while politically repressive regimes may prohibit any form of dissent, leading to suppression of dissent and the encouragement of social or political activism. Individuals who do not conform or support the policies of certain states are known as "dissidents". Several thinkers have argued that a healthy society needs not only to protect, but also to encourage dissent.

In a 1843 letter to Arnold Ruge, Karl Marx wrote: "if constructing the future and settling everything for all times are not our affair, it is all the more clear what we have to accomplish at present: I am referring to ruthless criticism of all that exists, ruthless both in the sense of not being afraid of the results it arrives at and in the sense of being just as little afraid of conflict with the powers that be".
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by The Dark Centurion August 31, 2018
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