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A turbocharger or "turbo" is an air compressor used in a forced induction, internal combustion engine, that increases the density of the air going into the intake, allowing it to burn more efficiently.

A turbocharger works by a turbine driven by the engine's exhaust gas, which drives the compressor fan to force air into the engine.

An intercooler can be added in addition to this, allowing the air to be cooler, as air is denser at lower temperatures.

Unlike superchargers, which are driven by the torque of the engine, a turbocharger's power may take some time to gather the pressure required to turn the turbine fast enough to produce significant boost this is called the "lag" effect, and is more common with single larger turbochargers.
Passenger: "Oh man my head is in my stomach right now"

Driver: "That would be the huge rush of power produced by the turbocharger!"
by Mayor West October 16, 2009
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A turbocharger is a method of forced induction in a car's engine. It is powered by the by exhaust gas through the exhaust manifold which spins a turbine on the back of the turbo. This spins a turbine on the front of the turbo called the compressor wheel that sucks in air and compresses it, sends it through an intercooler and into the intake manifold, into the combustion chamber and creates boost.
dude, nice turbocharger, that thing must eject a lot of gas
via giphy
by Butterfiners December 09, 2017
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