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*noun*; series of programs enacted by the administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt (1933-1945) in response to the Great Depression. This definition refers to the New Deal in US history (as opposed to the current "New Deal" in Great Britain).

The main architects of the New Deal were Harry Hopkins, Henry A. Wallace, and Harold L. Ickes. The chief prigrams were:
--- The Works Progress Administration (WPA);
--- the Public Works Administration (PWA);
--- the Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA).
These were set up to address industrial and farming failures.

Other programs addressed a long-standing need:
--- the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC);
--- the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), which introduced electrical power infrastructure to much of the impoverished rural South;
--- the Civil Works Administration (CWA), which supplied electrical power generation;
--- the Federal Depository Insurance Corporation (FDIC), which provides insurance for bank accounts;
--- the Securities Exchange Commission (SEC);
--- the Social Security Administration (SSA);

Legislation included:
--- the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA), or Wagner Act, which gave most workers the right to organize;
--- the National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA), which was struck down in 1935 by the US Supreme Court;
--- the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), which set basic working standards.

The New Deal's main impact was to establish basic protections for workers, consumers, and farmers. While some of these protections could have been better designed, they perform an indispensable function. In terms of actual fiscal policy, the New Deal was far too small to hasten the end of the Great Depression itself.
A lot of the public buildings in this country were built by New Deal programs.
by Abu Yahya March 06, 2009
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Brainless scheme concocted by the Blair Government to massage unemployment statistics, or to pour scorn on 18-24 year olds (I'm still undecided).

The whole concept of getting you into work is to send you on training courses (the first for two weeks, the second for SIX MONTHS), where you're supposed to participate in sessions on how to get a job, rather than...trying to get a job. And, even if you do manage to sneak in an application, you have to have your phone switched off - so how can a potential employer contact you?!?

Of course, when you're on one of these courses, you're a "student", not "dole scum", so therefore you help Tony Blair lie to the population yet again. All this for your paltry Job Seeker's Allowance, which they try and cut off (or at least threaten to) without a moment's notice to keep you in line, yet your Advisor never actually pays attention to what jobs you want, or the fact you're overqualified for a GCSE drop-out position.
Do you want to take this position at Marks & Spencer?
by OD Smith February 18, 2005
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A scheme in which they decide to throw jobseekers on promising them the land of hope and glory only to realise that the entire thing is an utter waste of time.

The most mind numbing, soul destroying part of new deal is "Gateway To Work" which should really be named "Gateway To Hell" in which they force you to endure two weeks of learning to write a CV and learn interview techniques which can be easily done over a few days. Even worse is the silly team building games and the reasons why people are out of work including that the are drug users. Even before the end of the course you have a great urge to either slit your wrists due to boredom or jump out of a building window hence the reason the windows are painted shut.
Pass out the razor blades I want to slit my wrists.
by William March 13, 2005
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