Montezuma, Moctezuma, or Montecuzoma, was a Mexica (or Aztec) name. It's meaning is "His Angry Lord, Archer of the Sky". There were two Montezuma emperors. The first was nicknamed "HuehueMontezuma" (old Montezuma) or Montezuma Ilhuicamina (Montezuma the big one), although contemporarly known as Montezuma I. The second was Montezuma Xocoyotzin (Montezuma the young one), or Montezuma II. The former was the Mexica emperor (nahuatl: Hueytlatoani) who met Hernán Cortés and his men, mistook him with Quetzalcóatl (who was said to be "tall, white and with a great beard") and treated the Spaniards like gods. He died after being held captive by the Spanish conquistadores and stoned to death by the Aztecs.
Montezuma saw 8 signs that foretold the fall of his empire.