Before the colonization of the Americas, a person had to be solely from Hispania-Spain and Portugal together- in order to be called Hispanic. Today, Hispania has 21 progenies: two in Europe (Spain and Portugal), and nineteen in the Americas (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, The Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Uruguay, and Venezuela).
But there is more to think about: America is a country where one would not consider mislabeling a Scotsman an Irishman, for such would be an insult to the Scotsman, and visa versa; where one would not describe Canadian culture as being the same as Australian culture because such would be an insult to Canadians and visa versa. Yet, sadly, America is also a country where schools are educating the masses into believing that all people who immigrate or descend from the twenty-one distinctly different progenies of Hispania are: culturally alike, vote as a group, dance salsa, speak Spanish or Portuguese, can't cut it in the schools, work in menial jobs, join gangs, get aids, look alike, think alike, prefer to be separated from “Anglo” America, and have no heritage other than what is being accomplished in the USA by anyone politically labeled Hispanic.
America is a country where Hispanic heritage month no longer honors Hispania's progenies as unique, various and sundry cultures. America is a country where Hispanic heritage month is politically misused for the purpose of pressuring everyone labeled Hispanic into accepting that an attribute applied to anyone labeled Hispanic is an attribute applied to everyone labeled Hispanic, regardless of their different national heritage, and their different cultural backgrounds.
America is a country where the political label Hispanic is being used to camouflage one key fact, and that is that 66.9 percent (as of the 2002) of those labeled Hispanic in the United States do not represent the twenty-one progenies of Hispania, but rather only one progeny-Mexico.
In Spain, the term Hispanic refers to people of that country or those who can claim Spanish ancestry. It also refers to countries that have Spanish-based cultures such as those found in Latin America.
In the United States, the term Hispanic was chiefly made up to group together disparate groups from Latin America that shared common cultural attributes, religion, and language but were not racially the same. In the 1970s and 1980s, on Census-based forms and questionnaires, Hispanic began appearing as a racial category; this oversight caused confusion. Today, Census-based forms have been modified to allow Hispanics to identify if they are black, white, or multi-racial.
Hispanics are chiefly white/mestizo. In countries like Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Costa Rica, and Colombia, whites make up the overwhelming majority. Whereas in places like Cuba amd Dominican Republic, blacks comprise the majority. Countries such as Mexico, Guatemala, and El Salvador are dominated by mestizos.
The term Hispanic recently has been rejected in favor of the newer term Latino; sometimes Hispanic and Latino are used interchangeably (although, depending on who one asks and location within the US, term preferences vary).
Hispanics DO NOT include Brazilians or Portuguese as they do not speak Spanish. But Filippinos and African from Equatorial Guinea can be grouped in that category.
2) Peru has a large Japanese population (e.g., Alberto Fujimori). These are considered Hispanics in the United States
For instance, the CIA World Fact Book figures Mexico to be: 60% Mestizo, 30% Amerindian, and less than 10% European (Spaniard). Regarding the make up of mestizos, Rubén Lisker analyzed DNA markers of lower-class mestizos from Mexico City and found them to be: 59% Amerindian, 34% European (Spaniard), and 6% Black (African).