1) A description of the State whose name is internationally recognised as Ireland.
2) The name of the association football (soccer) team which represents Ireland.
Ireland is a democratic republic; in 1948 the Government of Ireland declared that Ireland was a Republic. In consequence Ireland was expelled from the British Commonwealth as at that time it was not possible to be both a republic and a member of the Commonwealth. The rules changed when Britain withdrew from the Indian subcontinent and both Pakistan and India were allowed to become part of the Commonwealth as Republics.
The republic of Ireland was declared in 1948.