20 definitions by historynerd94

Top Definition
The central figure in the ancient Egyptian state. Believed to be an earthly manifestation of the gods, he used his absolute power to maintain the safety and prosperity of Egypt.
The Egyptian state centered on the king, often known by the New Kingdom term pharaoh, from an Egyptian phrase meaning "palace."
#menes #re #ma'at #palace #kingdom
by HistoryNerd94 December 26, 2010
Socially transmitted patterns of action and expression. Material culture refers to physical objects, such as dwellings, clothing, tools, and crafts. Culture also includes arts, beliefs, knowledge, and technology.
Learned patterns of action and expression constitute culture.
#art #music #clothing #traditions #race
by HistoryNerd94 September 27, 2010
A medieval European social system in which land was divided into hundreds of small holdings.
Europe was characterized by a social system historians have called feudalism.
#merchant #communities #lords #crops #pattern
by HistoryNerd94 December 21, 2011
Family of related languages long spoken across part of western Asia and northern Africa. In antiquity these languages included Hebrew, Aramaic, and Phoenician. The most wide–spread modern member of the Semitic family is Arabic.
As early as 2900 B.C.E., personal names recorded in inscriptions from the northerly cities reveal a non-Sumerian Semitic language.
#aramaic #phoenician #akkadian #kassite #elamite
by HistoryNerd94 December 14, 2010
Amorite ruler of Babylon (r. 1792–1750 B.C.E.). He conquered many city-states in southern and northern Mesopotamia and is best known for a code of laws, inscribed on a black stone pillar, illustrating the principles to be used in legal cases.
Toward the end of a long reign, Hammurabi initiated a series of aggressive military campaigns, and Babylon became the capital of what historians have named the "Old Babylonian" state, which eventually stretched beyond Sumer and Akkad into the north and northwest, from 1900 to 1600 B.C.E.
#laws #code #scribe #punishment #city-state
by HistoryNerd94 December 19, 2010
The long struggle (ending in 1492) during which Spanish Christians reconquered the Iberian peninsula from Muslim occupiers.
Columbus finally sold his plan to Isabel and Ferdinand, the monarchs of Castile and Aragon, who had married and united their kingdoms. In 1492, the couple had succeeded in conquering Grenada, the last Muslim-controlled province in Iberia, ending a centuries-long struggle known as the reconquista.
#columbus #christians #kingdom #muslims #aragon
by HistoryNerd94 January 01, 2012
The period of the Stone Age associated with the evolution of humans. It predates the Neolitic period.
Among the major subdivisions, the Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) lasted until 10,000 years ago.
#neolithic #civilization #mesopotamia #egypt #indus valley
by HistoryNerd94 November 03, 2010
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