The Schwarzenegger Effect is used to describe a situation whereby someone wins an award or is selected for preferment, based on reputation and not by results.
The background to this phrase is based on the generally accepted opinion that Arnold Schwarzenegger won his 6th Mr. Olympia title on his reputation and not because he deserved to win.
Bob: Man, you had a tight car stereo installation! Well done in taking 2nd place in the 'Auto Sound Off' contest!
Dave: Thanks man, but I really thought our team should have won and not Mike!
Bob: That's the Schwarzenegger Effect dude - you know Mike is the man around these parts!