A Spanish region, ubicated in the Iberian peninsula and that belongs to the Hispanic culture. Rich in its culture and variety thanks to the Spanish democracy, which promoted plans to revive the catalonian culture as it did with other emblematic regions. Its historical capital is Barcelona, famous for one of its football (soccer for americans) team.
Catalonia or Catalunya formed part of the Kingdom of Aragón, one of the two kingdoms that originated Spain in the XVth Century. The other is the Kingdom of Castille. Although different they became united thanks to the fusion of their crowns, and gave the identity of the idea of modern spanish (different people of different cultures, with same roots and similar ways of life who love the idea of a country that means all of it and represents all the hispanics culture).
There also exists some Extremist Independent movements grounded in pseudo-theories who represent a small minority, whose supporters are in most people with little education. In any case the situation can't be compared to other movements as the Scotish, Belgian or even Welsh.
Nowadays people critized all the money spent in the revival of the catalonian culture. But any real spanish that considered as itself as one, know that it was a necesary spent to keep safe the Spanish Identity. A country proud of its origins.
A nation inside Spain, very different from the rest of Spain, and which deserves to be independent one day. Original name, Catalunya, not Cataluña!
"Hey, I love Catalonia!"