The Roman Empirer invades Britain in 43 BC and establishes the province of Brittania. When the Romans leave Britain, the island is invaded by germanic tribes like the Angles, the Saxons and the Jutes. The Anglosaxon tribes are united in 871 in the Kingdom of England, a feudal state. Large part of the country are conquered by Denmark in the ninth century. Finally in 1016 Denmarks rules the whole country. The Saxons regain power in 1042.
In 1066 England is invaded by the Normans from Normandy and they form the rulers of the Kingdom of England. The English conquest of Wales succeeds in 1282 and English rule is established 2 years later. An act of 1536 completes the political and administrative union of England and Wales. This is followed in 1607 with the annexation of Ireland. England becomes a republic in 1649 (the Commonwealth of England), but the monarchy is restored in 1660.
A second revolution leads in 1688 to a parliamentary system of government: England is now more or less a constitutional monarchy. In this system two parties exist, the Whigs and the Tories. These are not political parties in the modern sense, but cliques of nobles fighting about power. England and Scotland merge in 1707 into the Kingdom of Great Britain. Between 1715 and 1768 the Whigs dominate, but until 1830 the Tories have power. In 1901 Ireland is legally incorporated in the kingom under the name United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland one year later. Britain's industrial revolution greatly strengthened its ability to oppose Napoleonic France. By the end of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815, Britain is the foremost European power and its navy ruled the seas. Peace in Europe allows the British to focus their interests on more remote parts of the world and during this period the British Empire reaches its zenith. British colonial expansion reaches its height largely during the reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901). British colonies contribute to the United Kingdom's extraordinary economic growth and strengthen its voice in world affairs. Thats what makes a great nation and people
Roman, Empire, Germanic, Tribes, anglosaxon,british