Little european country between France and Spain. They speak catalan (latin language) and are generally friendly people. Mountains at the north (Pyrenees) and beautiful mediterranean beaches at the east. Very good food and wine (specially Priorat).
If you go there don't look for flamenco or bullfights, they have "castells", one of the most beautiful and exciting tradicions I've ever seen in a country. If you ever go to Catalonia you can't miss it.
Go to see castells and you'll get the essence and way of life of people in Catalunya.