a political movement started back in 1994 in an attempt to stabilize the former Islamic Republic of Afghanistan which was in the middle of severe tribal conflict between the Government and factions of the Mujihadin following the withdrawal of Soviet forces in 1989.
The taliban came to power in 1996 after fighting a massive civil war which forced President Rabbini from power, Its leader was a shadowly figure named Mullah Omar. Once in power Mullah Omar implemented an extremely harsh and absolutely severe - even by fundamentalist islamic standards - form of Shariah
Law. Televisions, movie theatres, sports, alcohol, music (except islamic prayer music) and Kite flying where all banned but it was the severe oppression of women and there policy on severely limiting there rights which won them condemnation and criticism.
in March 2001 the Taliban blew up the 2000 year old Buddhist statues in Baymian province and recieved severe condemnation, However it was the 9/11
attacks on the WTC and the Pentagon which began the Talibans downfall, Because they where hiding Al Qaida
fugitives including its supreme leader osama bin laden
in undisclosed locations of Afghanistan, The USA Sent troops to hunt down Osama and cripple the taliban regime, as a result rebel pro-us northern alliance forces removed the taliban late in 2001.
today the taliban are crippled but have not been wiped out and mullah omar and his bum chum
osama bin laden remain at large.