Joliet is an extension to ISO 9660, the standard specification for file storage on - and transfer to - a compact disc (CD
); it allows file names up to 64 characters in length, including spaces (Much longer than ISO 9660 file names), and the use of Unicode characters in file names. Written by Microsoft
, Joliet is fully supported in Windows 95
and later Windows operating systems. In operating systems that support only eight-character file names, a longer file name on the CD is truncated into an eight-character name using a tilde (~) followed by a unique number as the last characters in the name.