Christian Anarchy, also known as Christian libertarianism, is the belief that the only source of authority to which Christians are ultimately answerable is God, embodied in the teachings of Jesus. Most are pacifists, and feel that earthly authority such as government or the Christian Church do not, and should not, have power over them.
Leo Tolstoy is notable for having written extensively on his anarchist principles, which he arrived at via his Christian faith. Notably his books The Kingdom of God is Within You.
Christian Anarchy was the basis of the first, true Christians. Sadly human behavior cannot allow such peace to happen without a government.