A country on the Northern Hemisphere, located in the Eastest end of the Far East, with about 130 million residents. Like most modern societies, Japan's struggles with its population getting too old, people of high age dominating demographics. The way they solve it can be a guide for now developing countries.
In the past Japan was influenced by China
mainly, and since Perry's black ships
in the 1850s, there was a growing pressure on the country to match Western customs and expectations, which may have peaked in the decades that followed World War II.
Still its culture's pretty unique, different from even Chinese in many aspects, as Ruth Benedict
explained carefully in The Chrysanthemum and The Sword
. It's dominated by shame, as opposed to Western cultures which are guided by sin. That is, while before doing something a Westerner would ask himself "Does this make me sin?", a Japanese rather asks "Will other people think this shames me?" This is also why they are so group-centric.