1. Declining industrial area of the Midwest including but not limited to Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Pennsylvania
that declined dramatically in the 1960's and 1970's after factories were closed
and the im-migration of Southern blacks caused widespread white flight
, resulting in severe population loss. Examples of large Rust Belt cities
include Chicago, Indianapolis, St. Louis, Milwaukee, Detroit, Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati, and Pittsburgh. Cleveland, St. Louis, Detroit, and Pittsburgh were hit especially hard, although, ironically, these cities
are making a comeback and revitalizing their downtown areas with attractions.