The nation occupying the southern half of the Korean Peninsula that adopted capitalistic policies on its economy and a democratic system of government after WWII. Although it became a dictatorship for nearly two decades after its second president was assisinated in a coup, it is currently running under the system its founding fathers (of the political entity of S. Korea, not of the Korean people in general) orginally intended it to be run under.
I have seen a lot of disapproval for definition #6 of S. Korea, and I would like to clarify what might be one of its seemingly inflammatory points. I am Korean myself, and I have to agree with whoever wrote definition #6 refuting definition #1 on the part regarding S. Korea possessing a 4000 year old history. Although somewhat offensive on the first read of Definition #6, this remark is not without truth. Techically speaking, the 4000 year old history applies to the Korean Peninsula and people as a whole, not just to S.Korea and its inhabitants specifically. "South Korea" as a political entity has not even existed for a century. On a even more politically correct note, the Korea to be referred to in this 4000 year history should be called Chosun, since the name "Korea" was used by Westerners to refer to Chosun.
While the 4000 year history in def. 1 for South Korea belongs under "Korea" or "Chosun," it should be noted to whoever wrote def. 6 that the Korean Peninsula's 4000 year old history as a geographic and ethnic region is indeed factual and supported by solid evidence.
Today's nations of North Korea and South Korea are still continuing the 4000+ year old history of Chosun even to this day. Someday, hopefully, they will reclaim the title of "Korea"
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