1. The belief that race accounts for differences in character or ability.
2. Racial Prejudice + Power = Racism
People serious about the study of racism define it more strictly to mean the combination of racial prejudice + power. In other words, only the dominant group in a society can be racist because they have the power to oppress others.
Marginalized groups of people can have racial prejudice towards members of the dominant group, (say, a black man calling a white man a cracker) but since they lack the power to oppress that group, it cannot be accurately called "racism."
In most cases, racism includes the social, political, and economic advantage of one group in relation to others.
SSee Wikipedia's article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Racism for more information.
Marginalized people, historically racial minorities, live with the presence of racism in their daily lives.
Racism is difficult to see from a position of privilege and difficult to live with from a position of marginality.
What is racism? 3 million people, 230 years, one president: White.
In America, racism continues to be perpetuated by whites, knowingly or unknowingly, blinded by their own privilege.
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