1. Study of language or literature.
2. Specifically, study of the languages and literatures of Classical Greece and Rome; study of Latin and Ancient Greek languages.
Hoold thou thy pees thou poete Marcian That writest vs that ilke weddyng murie Of hire Philologie and hym Mercurie. (Martianus Capella, 5th cent. wrote ‘De nuptiis Philologiæ et Mercurii’.) 1386, Chaucer, Merch. T. 490
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