A national movement for the return of the Jewish people to their homeland and the resumption of Jewish sovereignty in the Land of Israel. The movement was founded by Theodor Herzl in 1897. For much of history Jews were a people without a country and would remain politically powerless as long as they did not have a national home. They would be guests everywhere and at home nowhere, according to Zionist ideology. There is absolutely nothing "racist" about zionism, and this association has been falsely propogated by anti-semites over modern history.
1. Herzl devoted his life to the goal of creating a Jewish homeland in the state of Israel, he was noted to be the founder of Zionism.
2. Driven by the Holocaust and the near decimation of European Jewry, the Zionist movement strengthened as it became clear that the Jewish people needed their own homeland to be safe.
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