Persian = An ethinic group (roughly 50% of the population) living in Iran.
Iran = (Literally) land of the Aryans = Persia after 1935
Aryan, literally means an excellent or honorable person;
One of a primitive people supposed to have lived in pre-historic times, in Central Asia, east of the Caspian Sea, and north of the Hindoo Koosh and Paropamisan Mountains, and to have been the stock from which sprang the Hindoo, Persian, Greek, Latin, Celtic, Teutonic, Slavonic, and other races; one of that ethnological division of mankind called also Indo-European or Indo-Germanic.
Indo-Aryan: A member of one of the native races of India of Aryan speech and blood, characterized by tall stature, dolichocephaly (long head), fair complexion with dark hair and eyes, plentiful beard, and narrow and prominent nose.
Source: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) (from before WWI)
Notes: Many of the Nazi leaders (Goebbels, Himmler, Speers, Rommel, Goering, Hess, Frank, etc.) were themselves brunettes. On the other hand, many of the Jews that were persecuted were whiter-skinned than many of the Nazi leaders:
"... Nevertheless, such theorists usually accepted that considerable variety of hair and eye colour existed even within the racial categories they recognised. Contrary to a popular myth, the Nazis themselves did not discriminate against Aryans who were not blond or blue-eyed, or had only one of these features. Adolf Hitler and most Nazi officials (not to mention most Germans at the time) had dark hair and were considered to be Aryans."
Persian nowadays refers to an ethnic group (some members of which have been mixed with other groups such as Turks and Arabs) living in Iran. Iranian However, is a name referring to the nationality of all the people living in, or originated from the country.
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