(ECONOMICS) Any of the 12 constituent district banks of the Federal Reserve System. Federal Reserve Banks may be referred to either by the number of the district they serve (e.g., 12th FRB) or by the city in which they are headquartered (e.g., FRB of San Francisco).
Representatives of the FRB's are eligible to serve on the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC), the committee that actually administers monetary policy through sales or purchases of treasury securities.
The Federal Reserve Bank of New York (2nd FRB) is by far the most important of the 12 district banks. Each bank holding company is likely to have a subsidiary in NYC, and the 2nd District is uniquely guaranteed a seat on the FOMC. The other 11 rotate, with 4 taking a year-long turn at the FOMC at any given time.
The Federal Reserve Bank of New York has historically supplied the secretaries of the Treasury or else the chairmen of the Federal Reserve Board.
Prices shown in USD.
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