Lesser known for being one of the few of the many tribes in Afghanistan to have held the entire country securely for any period of time.
Pro-US troops during the Cold War, succesfully defended against cold war-USSR for many many years.
The taliban came to power in 1996 after fighting a massive civil war which forced President Rabbini from power, Its leader was a shadowly figure named Mullah Omar. Once in power Mullah Omar implemented an extremely harsh and absolutely severe - even by fundamentalist islamic standards - form of Shariah Law. Televisions, movie theatres, sports, alcohol, music (except islamic prayer music) and Kite flying where all banned but it was the severe oppression of women and there policy on severely limiting there rights which won them condemnation and criticism.
in March 2001 the Taliban blew up the 2000 year old Buddhist statues in Baymian province and recieved severe condemnation, However it was the 9/11 attacks on the WTC and the Pentagon which began the Talibans downfall, Because they where hiding Al Qaida fugitives including its supreme leader osama bin ladenin undisclosed locations of Afghanistan, The USA Sent troops to hunt down Osama and cripple the taliban regime, as a result rebel pro-us northern alliance forces removed the taliban late in 2001.
today the taliban are crippled but have not been wiped out and mullah omar and his bum chum osama bin laden remain at large.
just the Muslim version of the Neocons