A technique of writing an essay, blog contribution or research paper by cutting and pasting large chunks of source material and interspersing these with brief connective sentences. The end result is thus a grotesque patchwork of long quotations that reveals little or nothing of the named author's own thoughts or insights.
Source material may be referenced or, when plagiarized, either presented without citation or in a cosmetically reworded format.
Patch writing is very common amongst undergraduate students from Asian countries studying at Western universities either because they do not understand the subject very well or they believe that getting a good mark involves showing that they have "done research".
You failed this assignment because the task was to research and present your policy recommendations. Instead you simply went for patch writing by copying out large sections from the textbook.