South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (or ROK) and often referred to as Korea (Korean: ????, IPA: t??.han.min.?uk?, Hanja: ????), listen (help·info)) is a presidential republic in East Asia, occupying the southern half of the Korean Peninsula. Also known as the "Land of the Morning Calm", it is neighboured by China to the west, Japan to the east and North Korea to the north, with whom it was united until 1945. South Korea's capital and largest city is Seoul, the world's second largest metropolitan city.

Korea is one of the oldest civilizations in the world, with its foundation dating back to 2333 BC by the legendary Dangun. Archaeological research shows that the peninsula was inhabited as early as the Lower Paleolithic. Following the unification of the Three Korean Kingdoms under Silla in 668 AD, Korea went through the Goryeo and Joseon Dynasty as one nation until the end of the Korean Empire in 1910. After division, South Korea was established in 1948 and has since rapidly recovered from the Japanese invasion (1910–1945) and Korean war (1950–1953), operating a successful and stable democracy since the first direct election in 1987.

South Korea is a major economic power and one of the wealthiest countries in Asia. It had one of the world's fastest growing economies since the 1960s, now highly developed and one of the three largest2 in Asia and 13th largest3 in the world. Forming the G20 industrial nations and the world's top ten exporters, it is a member of the United Nations, WTO, OECD, APEC, EAS and ASEAN+3, defined as a High Income Nation by the World Bank and an Advanced Economy by the IMF and CIA. A major non-NATO ally, it has the world's sixth largest armed forces and one of the ten largest defence budgets in the world. Nicknamed as an Asian tiger, it is still among the world's fastest growing developed countries4 and a Next Eleven state, forecasted to surpass the income per capita of Germany, UK and France in 16 years.5 Today, its success story is known as the "Miracle on the Han River", a role model for many developing countries.6

South Korea has a strong economic, political and cultural influence in Asia and is one of the world's leading countries in science and technology.7 It has a very advanced and modern infrastructure8 and is a world leader in information technology such as electronics, semiconductors, LCD displays, computers and cell phones, led by Samsung and LG. Home of the world's third largest steel producer, POSCO, it is the world's largest shipbuilder and one of the world's top five automobile producers, headed by Hyundai and Kia. It is also a leading country in engineering, construction, machinery, textiles, petrochemicals, biotechnology and robotics.
Shitayima Fukmyshita: I'm Japanese.

Jintae Kim: I'm Korean.

Ching Chong Chao: I'm Chinese.

Bobby Lee: I'm Korean.

Daewon Song: I'm Korean.

Rain: I'm Korean.

Natasha Yi: I'm Korean
by italiankid22 July 10, 2008
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Home of the world's largest minefield.
"Now that you guys got back together, sorry about that huge self-healing minefield."

-US President to Korea, circa 2025
by PeaTearGriffin February 14, 2006
One of the best places in Asia, home of some of the best Asian singers, home of the awesomest people on earth, and of course... the best food!

Korean Singers/Bands:
Super Junior
Fly To The Sky
Wonder Girls
SNSD (Girls Generation)
Epik High
Big Bang
F.T. Island

Korean Food:

The official language of Korea is Korean or Hangul (한글) and there is North Korea and South Korea.
North Korea is the one with Kim Jong Il and nobody from North Korea is allowed to leave their country with the exceptions of Kim Jong Il's family. (So save yourself from stupidity and don't ask some random korean person you know if they are from North Korea or South Korea because if they were from North Korea, they would most likely be dead. And so would you).
South Korea is the one with a lot more freedom, great cities and a beautiful island called Jejudo Island (or Jeju). There is a PC Room and a Karaoke Room on almost every block and you can get great food even on the stands in the streets such as gaeranbang, boonguh bang, and tteukbokki instead of just boring hot dogs like New York.

In short, Korea is the best place on earth you can ever be in and if your state doesn't have a Koreatown, its not an official state.
Person 1: Wow that girl is so awesome!
Person 2: Oh, she must be from Korea!
by biatchblondex33 March 16, 2009
A peninsula that located at the 38th parallel. It borders China and Russia at the north with Japan situated to the east. The Korean Peninsula is divided into two separate nations, North Korea and South Korea. However, the name "Korea" is often used to refer to South Korea due to its greater economic significance and influence in the world.

The history of Korea began with the legendary founding of Gojoseon in 2333 BC by Dangun. Limited linguistic evidence suggests probable Altaic origins of these people, whose northern Mongolian steppe culture absorbed migration and trade with the peoples of Manchuria and China. The adoption of the Chinese writing system ("hanja" in Korean) in the 2nd century BC, and Buddhism in the 4th century AD, had profound effects on the Three Kingdoms of Korea. Baekje later passed on a modified version of these cultural advances to Japan. In 1910, Korea was forcibly annexed by Japan and remained occupied until the end of World War II in August 1945. In 1945, the Soviet Union and the United States agreed on the surrender and disarming of Japanese troops in Korea; the Soviet Union accepting the surrender of Japan north of the 38th parallel and the United States taking the surrender south of it. This led to division of Korea by the two superpowers, exacerbated by their inability to agree on the terms of Korean independence. The two Cold War rivals then established governments sympathetic to their own ideologies, leading to Korea's current division into two political entities: North Korea and South Korea. With the defeat of Japan in 1945, the United Nations developed plans for a trusteeship administration, the Soviet Union administering the peninsula north of the 38th parallel and the United States administering the south. The politics of the Cold War resulted in the 1948 establishment of two separate governments, North Korea and South Korea. In June of 1950 North Korea invaded the South, using Russian tanks and weaponry. During the Korean War (1950-1953), millions of civilians died and the three years of fighting throughout the nation effectively destroyed most cities. Around 171,000 POWs were captured and held by the Americans and South Koreans on Geojedo (an island in the south The war ended in a ceasefire agreement at approximately the Military Demarcation Line (Korea).

Since then, South Korea has soared economically leaving its northern neighbor in the dust. North Korea has a horrible economy and a freakishly huge military which does practically nothing. According to accepted estimates, North Korea spends $5 billion out of a gross domestic product (GDP) of $20.9 billion on the military, compared with South Korea's $24 billion out of a GDP of $1.196 trillion.

The North Korean government uses propaganda against South Korea and officially states on its website that the U.S. government controls South Korea, and maintains an army of 40,000 US military personnel there to "avoid the union of the Korean people". North Korea also advises that any South Korean attempting to cross into North Korea will be killed by U.S. soldiers. According to North Korea, any South Korean citizen who talks or reads about North Korea will be punished with incarceration or capital punishment. This perspective is rejected by the international community at large.
Kim Jong-Il, ruler of North Korea, is a crazy 4 foot tall midget.
by TheKoreanX July 10, 2008
The Yankees who go mad the country of the themselves the country which it thinks.
The Yankee is not a brain.
by ezam September 03, 2003
A place in asia where people play starcraft alot
ahh so much korean on
by jackaman May 09, 2006
1. country in east asia that has the most plastic surgery in the world (brazil is #2), which explains why koreans look beautiful; they all get face lifts. This is why kpop girls are so cute.

2. country in east asia whose inhabitants (koreans) think they are better than all other asians and all other races in the world

3. country whose inhabitants have a 80% chance of their last name being 'kim'
welcome to korea, plastic surgery capital of the world
by strawberryfields4eva December 25, 2010
One of countries of Asia beside China and Japan. For 5000 years, RULED by Korean kings and presidents. Has great language called, Korean that allows you to pronounce words that both Chinese and Japanese cannot say.

There is myth that Koreans are desperate for Kimchi, but the reality is absolutely different since some Koreans hate Kimchi for some reasons.

If you are a North Korean, "too bad because of your freaking communist country. lets see how good you can live with your Kim- Jung Il."

If you are a South Korean, "Well... at least you don't have to follow a midget."
Let's try to say "MacDonald" in three different languages!!

First Chinese
- Ma Do No

Second, Japanese
- Ma Gro Na Ri Do

Last, Korean
- Mac Do nal D

Well... true that when some Koreans try to pronounce "sheet", they pronounce as "Shit".
by ken lim May 27, 2008
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