ECMPRO stands for Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing and Product Recovery. ECMPRO involves integrating environmental thinking into new product development
including design, material selection, manufacturing processes and delivery of the product to the
consumers, plus the end-of-life management of the product after its useful life.
ECMPRO was first defined in the following paper:
Gungor, A. and Gupta, S. M., “Issues in Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing and Product Recovery: A Survey”, Computers and Industrial Engineering, Vol. 36, No. 4, 811-853, 1999.