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43.
A utopian idea for common wealth which relies on an idealized society. In practice it succumbs to corruption and promotes oligarchy. When it fails, capitalism inevitably takes over providing a more practical and efficient allocation of resources.
Communism => Capitalism
by Anonymous November 02, 2002
 
44.
An ideology based essentially on the idea expounded by Karl Marx, that in an ideal society everyone would receive what they needed and would produce according to their capacity. From this idea was elaborated a doctrine whereby a Socialist state would be established that would in time subsume the economic structure of society into itself. At this point the State itself would wither and the new ideal Communist society would emerge. It's surely a beautiful idea on paper, and may even work with small tribal bands ... but just try to apply it to a society made of millions of us naked apes and see what happens.

Marx incidentally suggested that agrarian societies would be more likely to develop in time along such lines; the adoption of Communist doctrine by industrial societies like Leninist-Stalinist Russia may arguably be in itself a perversion of Marx's idea.
Capitalism is the exploitation of man by man. Communism is the exact reverse. - John Gardner

Any man who is not a Communist at the age of twenty is a fool. Any man who is still a Communist at the age of thirty is an even bigger fool. - George Bernard Shaw.

Communism: right idea, wrong species. - Jermaine Evans

The Catholic and the Communist are alike in assuming that an opponent cannot be both intelligent and sincere. - George Orwell.

A Communist is like a crocodile - when it opens its mouth you cannot tell whether it is trying to smile or preparing to eat you up. - Winston Churchill
by Fearman November 20, 2007
 
45.
Communism is a form of governmant based on socialist principles. Karl Marx and his associate created the economic system of socialism in which wealth would be redistributed. It was Lenin and Stalin who adapted socialism into the goverment. The motto, more or less, of Communism is "Each gives according to his talents and recieves according to his needs." Until now there has not been a truly communist society, partly because the founders have been power-hungry and in part because humanity has, on the whole, not yet reached a socially acceptable level.
Communism is the ideal social existance. Once achieved, humanity will be fre from the tyranny of currency and work in order to ensure growth, prosperity and future survival.
by X-45B23 July 13, 2006
 
46.
1. A mid-19th century fairy-tale by author Karl Marx that builds on the earlier fairy-tale of Socialism, and describes a society in which industries are motivated as effectively by the mystical concept entitled the "public good" as they are in the real world by the evolutionary principle of personal gain with no oversight to define the "public good" and no need for merits or reprimands.

2. An extreme form of collectivism in which everything is produced and distributed collectively and no attention is given to the need to decide what should be produced and in what quantities in any effective way, much less to the need to motivate anyone to actually produce it.
None. Communism does not exist. It is impossible. There are no historical examples. "Communist" countries like the USSR and China operate a system of brutal totalitarian Socialism, and openly admit that they "operate a Socialist system that will according to them eventually evolve into Communism". Communes and co-operatives that work within larger systems are NOT examples - these are private companies that are owned by their employees. They have a larger market to respond to in order to know what to produce, are profit-based, and have a system for firing free-loaders.
by EngineerofSouls July 04, 2010
 
47.
Communism is an idea that Marx and Engles came up with. In theory, its a direct, true democracy. But when it is applied to human life, it doesnt work.
The main idea in communism is-- "From each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs". What that means is, every citizen works however much they can honestly work, and they get paid according to how much money they need in order to live. This means that the system works on honesty- the govenrment expects you to be honest on how much you can really work, and they pay you according to how much money you need.
This concept doesnt work. it doersnt work because there is no motivation for the people to work. In communism, if you could honestly work your ass off, and you do work your ass off, you will still get paid the same salary as if you didnt work your ass off. So this means that you can work really hard, or work very little, and still get paid the same salary. So people basically have no motivation to work hard. When people work hard, the country produces money. When people do nothing, the country suffers financially.

On the contrary, in a capitalist society, the harder you work- the more you get paid. If you work very hard at a sophisticated job, you earn alot of money. Whereas if you work a crappy job that requires very little work, you will not earn so much money. So this is where the motivation comes from. In capitalism, the harder you work- the more you get paid. And in communism, nomatter how hard you work, you will always get paid according to your needs, but the government expects you to be honest in how hard you work.

What happens to communism, is that the country does not work, does not produce, and eventually collapses from not having enough money to support itself.

The former Soviet Union was probably the most obvious example of a country of failed communism. The people were not paid according to their needs- everyone was paid less than the amount of money needed to live a very minimal life. And the government used force and intimidation to force the people to work hard, or else...

But there are elements of communism in nature, and even in some Native American tribes, centuries ago. The Native Americans lived in a common community, where they saw their villages of a place that belonged to everyone, and worked for the good of the community, and not for the good of individual families like in capitalism.

Ants and termites live in colonies where every one works and works and works, and the colony shares everything, for the good of the colony, and not for the good of each individual ant or termite. However, this case is not to be compared to human communism, since termites and ants are instinctively born into workers in the oclony, and so that is basically their nature. So it would be unfair to compare this case to humans.

Communism is a very beautiful idea. And if it could work, the entire world would have been totally communist a long time ago. But communism doesnt work. Overall, communism fails because of a lack of motivation, and having the desire to work for the benifit of your own person and your own family, rather than for the benifit of the entire community. And now, after people have realised what communism turns out to be, I doubt any more countries will willfully try to establish communism by choice.
Communism is a beautiful idea, but it quickly turns into a dictatorship. Communism eventually collapses from financial trouble. After the Proletariat throw over the Bourgiuase, a new Bourgiuase class eventually forms that is really a class of the government, and the country then changes from an attempt at communism to pretty much a dictatorship. The idea of Communism is of a direct democracy, like that of ancient Greece. The capitalist world has indirect democracy- a representative democracy. And true communism is meant to be an honest, classless society of common ownership and prosperity. But all that doesnt happen, simply because humans are not meant to live a communist life. This has been proven time and time again.
by Claiy Bertrand September 07, 2007
 
48.
a country that has no freedom's and no one can own property.
the soviet union north Korea and china are communist and believe in communism.
by johnyfagolot July 11, 2011
 
49.
"Mordern communism" can be said to be defined by Stalinist Russia, being a despotic state led by a firm, metal grip similar to that of Tsarism. This variation is widely accepted by the western leaders, such as Harry Truman, who viewed communism exactly as such an "evil" ideology.
Down with communism!
by Andrea April 17, 2005