A form of society without government, social classes and money. The first part of that sentence is why The Soviet Union, China, Cuba, Vietnam etc... have never been communist countries. This is not to say that somehow these countries did something wrong when following Karl Marx's theory. Marxism is fatally flawed as it requires a government to gain power and then assumes that as time goes on the leaders in charge of the government will loosen the power that the government holds until it is finally free from government. It is absurd to think that the best way to destroy government is to make one, and a huge one at that.

So this is where you will make the distinction between Communism and communism. Capital C Communism is the most widely know version of the word. Communism is used when discussing Communist Parties, and state Capitalist countries like Cuba, China and the Soviet Union. Lower case c communism however is used when discussing a society without government, classes and money. Lower case c communism is also used by the libertarian sections of communist theory that advocate progressing to a communist society without creating a state that will choke all of the freedom out of the people it governs.

After understanding that you can understand that communism and Anarchism are at times the exact same thing. Most people would be shocked to find this out because most people think of state government when thinking of communism. As has been stated communism is a form of society without government, classes and money. What has been seen in the Soviet Union was an attempt at using Marx's theory on how to get to communism. Anarchism has many different strands of thought but at it's base it is a form of society without government and most hierarchical social structures(such as classes, bosses, governors, presidents, masters, slave drivers etc..). The difference is that communism is a type of society without money where as not all anarchist theories are without money.
For an example of communism/anarchism working on a large scale research The Spanish Civil War 1936-1939. George Orwell's personal experiences participating in the war(on the side of communism and against Communism and Capitalism) are written in his book "Homage to Catalonia".
by Black Siklhouette November 22, 2007
Communism A.K.A. Commies, Socialist, Cult of personality worshippers - 1. A gang of terrorist who oppose all religions and nations because they are sane 2. A gang of terrorist who oppose all religions and nations because they are insane. 3. pool it and rule it and fool it.
"Communism evolved from the enlightaned Spanish Inquisition and tends to evolve into insanity, psychiatry, then anti-psychiatry followd by passive resistant disorder that some stupid idiots think they can treat because they don't know better."
by I'llfoldandleavethetable July 01, 2012
Communism is a form of governmant based on socialist principles. Karl Marx and his associate created the economic system of socialism in which wealth would be redistributed. It was Lenin and Stalin who adapted socialism into the goverment. The motto, more or less, of Communism is "Each gives according to his talents and recieves according to his needs." Until now there has not been a truly communist society, partly because the founders have been power-hungry and in part because humanity has, on the whole, not yet reached a socially acceptable level.
Communism is the ideal social existance. Once achieved, humanity will be fre from the tyranny of currency and work in order to ensure growth, prosperity and future survival.
by X-45B23 July 13, 2006
Utopian ideals of a society where true wealth -the means of production- belong to the public, and the products' quality advances not by the need in market, but by sheer willpower to make a better world. Thus utopian.
Russia during Stalin's reign is a perfect example of actually existing communism. It had nothing to do with theoretical communism which is based on a notional society.
by Phoebus June 05, 2004
A utopian idea for common wealth which relies on an idealized society. In practice it succumbs to corruption and promotes oligarchy. When it fails, capitalism inevitably takes over providing a more practical and efficient allocation of resources.
Communism => Capitalism
by Anonymous November 02, 2002
1. A mid-19th century fairy-tale by author Karl Marx that builds on the earlier fairy-tale of Socialism, and describes a society in which industries are motivated as effectively by the mystical concept entitled the "public good" as they are in the real world by the evolutionary principle of personal gain with no oversight to define the "public good" and no need for merits or reprimands.

2. An extreme form of collectivism in which everything is produced and distributed collectively and no attention is given to the need to decide what should be produced and in what quantities in any effective way, much less to the need to motivate anyone to actually produce it.
None. Communism does not exist. It is impossible. There are no historical examples. "Communist" countries like the USSR and China operate a system of brutal totalitarian Socialism, and openly admit that they "operate a Socialist system that will according to them eventually evolve into Communism". Communes and co-operatives that work within larger systems are NOT examples - these are private companies that are owned by their employees. They have a larger market to respond to in order to know what to produce, are profit-based, and have a system for firing free-loaders.
by EngineerofSouls July 04, 2010
An Idealistic system of government. Started with Karl Marx (author of The Communist Manifesto), and has never been acheived by any country in its idealized form.
The basic principles stand that because in capitalism the owner (bourgoise) always pwns the working class (proletarians). Marx's solution was to eliminate all class, have everyone equal, and eliminate money, government, and social systems. Although utopian when carried out correctly, the idealogy has been consistently defeated by the natural human greed, hax0rs, and the need for being the best. Because Humans are naturally greedy, and by evolutionary stand points always strive to acheive maximum 1337ness, the theory of Communism developed by Marx is practically implausible and ideal.
Bob: Although capitalism is a good idea, it breeds two seperate classes, and tends to cause poverty.
Jim: Yeah, but communism is impossible for humans to use, so we are basically screwed.
by Honest Abe December 22, 2004
An economic system that works in theory but not in the real world.
communism would be good for society if all people weren't naturally selfish.
by Vanessa N July 06, 2004

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