A form of society without government, social classes and money. The first part of that sentence is why The Soviet Union, China, Cuba, Vietnam etc... have never been communist countries. This is not to say that somehow these countries did something wrong when following Karl Marx's theory. Marxism is fatally flawed as it requires a government to gain power and then assumes that as time goes on the leaders in charge of the government will loosen the power that the government holds until it is finally free from government. It is absurd to think that the best way to destroy government is to make one, and a huge one at that.

So this is where you will make the distinction between Communism and communism. Capital C Communism is the most widely know version of the word. Communism is used when discussing Communist Parties, and state Capitalist countries like Cuba, China and the Soviet Union. Lower case c communism however is used when discussing a society without government, classes and money. Lower case c communism is also used by the libertarian sections of communist theory that advocate progressing to a communist society without creating a state that will choke all of the freedom out of the people it governs.

After understanding that you can understand that communism and Anarchism are at times the exact same thing. Most people would be shocked to find this out because most people think of state government when thinking of communism. As has been stated communism is a form of society without government, classes and money. What has been seen in the Soviet Union was an attempt at using Marx's theory on how to get to communism. Anarchism has many different strands of thought but at it's base it is a form of society without government and most hierarchical social structures(such as classes, bosses, governors, presidents, masters, slave drivers etc..). The difference is that communism is a type of society without money where as not all anarchist theories are without money.
For an example of communism/anarchism working on a large scale research The Spanish Civil War 1936-1939. George Orwell's personal experiences participating in the war(on the side of communism and against Communism and Capitalism) are written in his book "Homage to Catalonia".
by Black Siklhouette November 22, 2007
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Communism is the final stage of the political reform started witha revolution, according to Marx. First masses of workers will rebel in a industrialezed country; they will implant a socialist government in order to adapt the country for later changes. After private property is banished, and the people possess everything, thenthere will be no need for government, thus the state will be destroyed, to form a society with no social classes. It important to remember that Marx knew that the mentality of man needed to change in order of this to work. He believe in the concept of the "new man" who was humble and just. It is also important to remeber did not believe in a country alone with this structure, but he believed that the whole world adapt to this change. Given this, it is safe to say that no country has ever achieved communism, and anyone who has a sense of equality do agree with this utopia.
No, Russia was not communist, neither is Cuba.
by cako May 14, 2004
A nice idea (Everyone is equal, everything is shared) but one that falls to bits when greedy humans get in the way.
True communism has never been achieved on any significant scale in known history.
by KHD January 10, 2005
Something that, in theory, is a good idea. Communism is an ideal that believes that everyone should share everything, so that poverty wouldn't exist, and there wouldn't be a gap between richer and poorer classes. The problem is, communist governments become corrupt, because people are greedy, so it doesn't work.
Person One: Why's that country so messed up?
Person Two: They just got rid of communism, and are now trying to put their country back together.
by More Awesome Than Thou December 02, 2005
Communism, though recently associated with corrupt totalitarian states such as China and The Soviet Union is one of the natural states of human existance, the idea of living in a self-sustaining group that cares for its members, like they did in the Paleolithic (Old Stone Age), which is increasingly hard in the modern world. Most families live in A SORT of communism, as parents USUALLY don't make the kids work for what they eat.

Many societies, such as the Shakers in America, the Incas in Peru, the Essines in Israel, and many Early Christian groups, have practiced forms of communism.
But Communism with Das Kapital C didn't come about until the mid 1800s when Karl Marx wrote the Communist Manifesto, which stated that Society was always going through transitions (the last two being Feudalism, and Capitalism), and that now was the time for a transition into a Socialist economy, which would lead to a classless society, which he called "Communism". Marx recognised the effectiveness of Capitalism, but saw that it was only another step in this chain.

One of the most contraversial points about Modern Communism is that it is vocally Athiest, as Marx had said "Religion is the Opium of The People." This is because Marx's father was forced to convert from Judaism to Christianity in order to get a job in a largely anti-semitic country. Because of this, the young Marx decided that religion was fleeting, and was a tool of the opressor to bind the people. Despite this, many religious-based communistic societies have existed.

In the early 1900s, in Russia, long after marx's death, the Tsar Alexander II had declared war on Japan. Russia, after a devistating defeat in the Russo-Japanese War, and heavy losses in World War I, the people were ready for a new government. Many looked to Marxism. These were lead by intellectuals such as Vladamir Ulyanov "Lenin", and Leon Trotsky. They called themselves the Bolsheviks, and pelieved that the Proletariat, The workers, must triumph in an armed revolution. In 1917, the Tsar was deposed, and followed by a capitalistic Provisional Government. This didn't cut it for the Bolsheviks, and the Bolsheviks soon gained control of Russia.
At first, the new Soviet Union seemed like a genuine Marxist state, but soon an upstart named Josef "Stalin" "The Man of Steel", began his deadly regime, which effectively ended the idea of a just Communist state.

the same thing was played out all over the world in places like China, and Cuba. Corrupt dictators hijacked Communistic ideals and used them for their own personal good.

So thus the great notions of Communism will forever be tainted by the terror of corrupt dictators.
Communism: As long as people will strive to rule over others, there will be no true communist state. -me
by El_Haggis September 09, 2006
An established form of government in which all men are created and treated as equals... except I'm more equal than you.
"Excuse me, could you please pass the salt?"

"No, we're equal, get it yourself."
by Marl Karx May 07, 2005
The life span of communism= 1. valuable observations about the short comings of the free market system.
2. Stupid hypothesis formed to address these observations.
3. Conclusion= David Hassellhoff atop the Berlin Wall and Vladimir Putin's oversized bank account.
Utopia can't be created on Earth. This is why communism is a fundamentally flawed idea.
by mortheus March 08, 2009
Needs Less Stalin, needs less greed for it to work properly.

Also means communal ownership of everything.
Damnit, I feel like I could sure use some Communism right now.
by Templar895 October 08, 2005

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