The main idea in communism is-- "From each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs". What that means is, every citizen works however much they can honestly work, and they get paid according to how much money they need in order to live. This means that the system works on honesty- the govenrment expects you to be honest on how much you can really work, and they pay you according to how much money you need.
This concept doesnt work. it doersnt work because there is no motivation for the people to work. In communism, if you could honestly work your ass off, and you do work your ass off, you will still get paid the same salary as if you didnt work your ass off. So this means that you can work really hard, or work very little, and still get paid the same salary. So people basically have no motivation to work hard. When people work hard, the country produces money. When people do nothing, the country suffers financially.
On the contrary, in a capitalist society, the harder you work- the more you get paid. If you work very hard at a sophisticated job, you earn alot of money. Whereas if you work a crappy job that requires very little work, you will not earn so much money. So this is where the motivation comes from. In capitalism, the harder you work- the more you get paid. And in communism, nomatter how hard you work, you will always get paid according to your needs, but the government expects you to be honest in how hard you work.
What happens to communism, is that the country does not work, does not produce, and eventually collapses from not having enough money to support itself.
The former Soviet Union was probably the most obvious example of a country of failed communism. The people were not paid according to their needs- everyone was paid less than the amount of money needed to live a very minimal life. And the government used force and intimidation to force the people to work hard, or else...
But there are elements of communism in nature, and even in some Native American tribes, centuries ago. The Native Americans lived in a common community, where they saw their villages of a place that belonged to everyone, and worked for the good of the community, and not for the good of individual families like in capitalism.
Ants and termites live in colonies where every one works and works and works, and the colony shares everything, for the good of the colony, and not for the good of each individual ant or termite. However, this case is not to be compared to human communism, since termites and ants are instinctively born into workers in the oclony, and so that is basically their nature. So it would be unfair to compare this case to humans.
Communism is a very beautiful idea. And if it could work, the entire world would have been totally communist a long time ago. But communism doesnt work. Overall, communism fails because of a lack of motivation, and having the desire to work for the benifit of your own person and your own family, rather than for the benifit of the entire community. And now, after people have realised what communism turns out to be, I doubt any more countries will willfully try to establish communism by choice.
Person Two: They just got rid of communism, and are now trying to put their country back together.
Many societies, such as the Shakers in America, the Incas in Peru, the Essines in Israel, and many Early Christian groups, have practiced forms of communism.
But Communism with Das Kapital C didn't come about until the mid 1800s when Karl Marx wrote the Communist Manifesto, which stated that Society was always going through transitions (the last two being Feudalism, and Capitalism), and that now was the time for a transition into a Socialist economy, which would lead to a classless society, which he called "Communism". Marx recognised the effectiveness of Capitalism, but saw that it was only another step in this chain.
One of the most contraversial points about Modern Communism is that it is vocally Athiest, as Marx had said "Religion is the Opium of The People." This is because Marx's father was forced to convert from Judaism to Christianity in order to get a job in a largely anti-semitic country. Because of this, the young Marx decided that religion was fleeting, and was a tool of the opressor to bind the people. Despite this, many religious-based communistic societies have existed.
In the early 1900s, in Russia, long after marx's death, the Tsar Alexander II had declared war on Japan. Russia, after a devistating defeat in the Russo-Japanese War, and heavy losses in World War I, the people were ready for a new government. Many looked to Marxism. These were lead by intellectuals such as Vladamir Ulyanov "Lenin", and Leon Trotsky. They called themselves the Bolsheviks, and pelieved that the Proletariat, The workers, must triumph in an armed revolution. In 1917, the Tsar was deposed, and followed by a capitalistic Provisional Government. This didn't cut it for the Bolsheviks, and the Bolsheviks soon gained control of Russia.
At first, the new Soviet Union seemed like a genuine Marxist state, but soon an upstart named Josef "Stalin" "The Man of Steel", began his deadly regime, which effectively ended the idea of a just Communist state.
the same thing was played out all over the world in places like China, and Cuba. Corrupt dictators hijacked Communistic ideals and used them for their own personal good.
So thus the great notions of Communism will forever be tainted by the terror of corrupt dictators.
2. Stupid hypothesis formed to address these observations.
3. Conclusion= David Hassellhoff atop the Berlin Wall and Vladimir Putin's oversized bank account.