Boko Haram is an Islamic militant group that believes politics in northern Nigeria has been seized by a group of corrupt, false Muslims. It wants to wage a war against them, and the Federal Republic of Nigeria generally, to create a “pure” Islamic state ruled by sharia law.
Boko Haram comes from the Hausa language. It literally means "Western education is forbidden."
Boko Haram is an islamist terrorist group committed to the propagation of the Prophet's Muhammad's teachings and Jihad (Its Arabic name is: جماعة اهل السنة للدعوة والجهاد, Jama'atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda'awati Wal-Jihad). Better known by its Hausa name Boko Haram. It is a Salafist jihadist terrorist organisation based in the northeast of Nigeria. It is an Islamist movement which strongly opposes man-made laws. Founded by Mohammed Yusuf around 2001, the organisation is a Muslim sect that seeks to abolish the secular system of government and establish a Sharia system in the country.1
The movement, whose name in the Hausa language Boko Haram translates as "Western education is sacrilege" or "a sin". The group has claimed responsibility for attacks that has killed at least 935 people, many of whom are christians, since it launched an uprising in 2009. The sect focuses its attacks mostly on the police, military and government, but has recently increased its attacks on Christian institutions. It says it is fighting enemies who have wronged its members through violence, arrests or economic neglect and corruption2
“Boko Haram’s attacks show a complete and utter disregard for human life,” said Corinne Dufka, senior West Africa researcher at Human Rights Watch.