The port of Charleston was the largest port in the thirteen colonies at the begging of the 1700s (was soon out done by Philadelphia). There also was a large percent of Scot-Irish who immigrated to South Carolina from Britain to escape religious persecution. These hardy pioneers where the people who helped colonize the back country (north eastern part of the state).
During and around the revolution there where only a few people in the state who opposed Britain, most notably Christopher Gadsden. But the British realized there where many loyalist in the state and knew their best chances was to wage the war there, which led to the three attempts to capture Charleston, which succeeded on the third try. But after Tarelton's massacre in the Waxhaw's the Scots Irish strongly opposed British sentiment and helped renew vigor in the rebellion.
If it not been for Francis Marion (the swamp fox) and a couple of others we could not have kept Cornwallis's army from going North and crushing Washington and the Continental army.
After the war was over many Scots-Irish wish to punish the Loyalist by taking their land and their fortunes. However the man who had sparked anti-Anglo feelings also worked to help those who remained loyal to the crown :Christopher Gadsden. Many loyalist returned to England and few stayed afterwards.
And several decades latter South Carolina was the main contributor to the Mexican-American war. 46 percent of the army where native South Carolinians. And tons of money was contributed from many South Carolina citizens who donated to local churches who encouraged them to do so.
I'm sure many of you know South Carolina in the civil war so I'm going to skip that.
Yes South Carolina has a great history now lets look at the modern era.
The upper part of South Carolina like many people think is where the litter flows. Litter lines the streets of many cities, but many people are starting to get greener there and making anti-littler programs. Most of the people from the Up country are generally what people would call hicks. However they are not dumb country bumpkins (like stereotypes), they now whats going on but seem to have a huge patriot sentiments ad hoc all the American flags hanging from peoples homes.
The people from the Charleston and coastal area are held by most to be the more sophisticated. Which I say is true in many respects as they have more colleges and more lucrative market trade and such. It is also the "Bread basket" where all the Carolina gold is grown aka Free Grown Rice. What also makes this area unique is that it is the only 1 of the lower 48 that can grow the tea plant.
All in all South Carolina is a great state. Proud history, nice people, and tons of tourism. I'm proud to be a South Carolinian.
Where we live (in the upstate), yes, it is populated by hicks who tote guns, stack junk cars by the hundreds in their front yards, and give 10% of their income to their local baptist church to get the preacher a new gas-guzzling SUV.
The lowcountry, however, is quite charming, from what we've seen.