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a country located in South East Europe that was once big and powerful.
Serbia dates back to the first half of the 9th century. The Kingdom of Serbia was established in the 11th century, Stefan Nemanja, the founder of the Nemanjic dynasty, rose to power in 1170 and started renewing the Serbian state in the Raska(south-west Serbia) region. In the 13th century it eventually expanded in land, the Serbian Empire. Medieval Serbia enjoyed a high political, economic and cultural reputation in Medieval Europe, reached its apex in mid-14th century, during the rule of Tzar Stefan Dusan. Tzar Stefan Dusan doubled the size of his kingdom seizing territories to the south, southeast and east. For at least half a mellenium, the serbs occupied lands extending from the Danube, Sava, and Morava rivers to the Adriatic Sea and the Šar Mountains. The Serbian emipre reached it's peak up to the end of the 14th century until the battle of kosovo where the serbian army was defeated my the turkish muslim army in 1389(Kosovo holds a symbolic place in Serbian History and is regarded as the heart of Serbia which is why the Serbian goverment will not allow is to become an interpentded state to the Albanians). Serbian resistance to Ottoman domination, latent for many decades surfaced at the beginning of 19th century with the First and Second Serbian Uprising in 1804 and 1815. Resulting from the uprisings and subsequent wars against the Ottoman Empire, the independent Principality of Serbia was formed and granted international recognition in 1878. The Balkan wars 1912 - 1913, terminated the Turkish domination in the Balkans(Austria in particular was shocked, five centuries of Turkish rule suddenly ended and Serbia had come out to be the most powerful balken nation). Turkey was pushed back across the channel, and national Balkan states were created in the territories it withdrew from. The assassination of Austrian Crown Prince Franc Ferdinand in Sarajevo in 1914, served as a pretext for the Austrian attack on Serbia that marked the beginning of World War I. The Serbian Army bravely defended its country and won several major victories. Serbia was finally overpowered by joint forces of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Bulgaria. The Serbian Army returned to combat on the Thessalonike front together with other Entante forces comprising France, England, Russia, Italy and the United States. In world War I Serbia had 1 264 000 casualties - 28% of its population (4 529 000) which also represented 58% of its male population - a loss it never fully recuperated from. This enormous sacrifice was the contribution Serbia gave to the Allied victory and the remodeling of Europe and of the World after World War I. With the end of World War I and the downfall of Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire the conditions were met for proclaiming the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenians in December of 1918. The new state was to be dominated by the Serbs. Peter Karadjordjevic, who had been King of Serbia since 1903, became Knig of a new state. Belgrade now became the new national capital. Top positions in the army and civil service were filled by Serbs. Croatia , in particular, resented this Serbian dominance. After the war, idealist intellectuals gave way to politicians and the most influential Croatian politicians opposed the new state right from the start. To prevent any further weakening of the country, King Aleksandar I banned national political parties in 1929, assumed executive power and renamed the country Yugoslavia. During King Aleksandar I official visit to France in 1934, the king was assassinated in Marseilles by a member of VMRO - an extreme nationalist organization in Bulgaria that had plans to annex territories along the eastern and southern Yugoslav border - with the cooperation of the Ustashi - a Croatian fascist separatist organization.
At the beginning of the 1940's, Yugoslavia found itself surrounded by hostile countries. Except for Greece, all other neighboring countries had signed agreements with either Germany or Italy. Hitler was strongly pressuring Yugoslavia to join the Axis powers. Following the Nazi example, the Independent State of Croatia established extermination camps and perpetrated an atrocious genocide killing over 750 000 Serbs. This holocaust set the historical and political backdrop for the civil war that broke out fifty years later in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina and that accompanied the break-up of Yugoslavia in 1991-1995. The ruthless attitude of the German occupation forces and the genocidal policy of the Croatian Ustasha regime generated a strong Serbian Resistance. There were two main resistance groups - the Chetniks and the partisans. The Chetniks were Serbian and dedicated to the restoration of the Serbian goverment. The partisans were organised by the Communist leader Josip Broz Tito. The Serbs stood up against the Croatian genocidal government and the Nazi disintegration of Yugoslavia. Many joined the Partisan forces (National Liberation Army headed by Josib Broz Tito) in the liberation war and thus helped the Allied victory. By the end of 1944, with the help of the Red Army the Partisans liberated Serbia and by May 1945 the remaining Yugoslav territories, meeting up with the Allied forces in Hungary, Austria and Italy. Serbia and Yugoslavia were among the countries that had the greatest losses in the war: 1 700 000 (10.8% of the population) people were killed and national damages were estimated at 9.1 billion dollars according to the prices of that period. After the second world war, Stalin wanted Yugoslavia to remian dependent on the USSR. Tito objected in 1948 and was expelled from the Communist Bloc. During the 1970s there was increasing economic difficulties in Yugoslavia. Unrest started to rise and Tito agreed in 1974 to a drastic reform of the constitution. The power of the central goverment in Belgrade was drastically cut back and more power given to the six republican goverments - Serbia, Croatia, Slovania, Bosnia-Hercegovina, Macedonia and Montenegro. The Albanians of Kosovo demanded that their region be made a full republic; the constitution of 1974 only served to widen the divisions within the country. In 1980 Tito died. After his death the country began to fall apart.
Between 1991 and 1992, Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina forcibly seceded from Yugoslavia, whilst Macedonia did so peacefully. The civil war in Yugoslavia costed over 200 000 lives. Serbia and Montenegro opted to stay on in the federation and at the combined session of the parliaments of Yugoslavia, Serbia and Montenegro held on April 27 1992 in Belgrade, the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was passed thus reaffirming the continuity of the state first founded on December 1st 1918.
by CrnaStrela August 10, 2005
a shit country that fuckin sucks ass at soccer. the ppl there are lazy sacs of shit that dont do anything
serbia sucks
by Robert June 16, 2004
i dont mean to be a nationalist or anything, but please, stop saying croatia started the independance, slovenia claimed independance, and the others followed, and btw dru-watsit, its not like many countries like croatia now do they? puttin slovene in jail because they put up their flag? freaks, even bigger ones than the serbs..
person: where you from?
croatian: jebem ti mater!
person: learn english
by MCsoy April 03, 2005
why do you have to be so fucking racist you stupid fucking "proud illyrian" where the fuck is illyria now any way! you dumb shit its now called dalmatia and unless you realized the greeks don't fucking run it any more! they only did thousands of years ago!
whats wrong with you?! are you jealous becuase croatia is no longer illyrian and hasn't been for thousands of years?!
by Mala April 05, 2005
People who migrated from tribal parts of Asia and created Serbia. They are known for starting many wars in the past and caused WW1 and somewhat caused WW2, they got their asses whooped in every war they started. An average Serb hates anyone who is not white/christian, they are a race of mentally retarded people who are insanely jealous of countries like Albania,Turkey,etc. They also think they are Balkans when they aren't even close to resembling them physically and historically. They tried to cause an ethnic cleansing in Kosovo of non-Serbs and got their asses whooped by USA. Also they think that their mafia is bad ass even when people barely heard of the Serbian mafia because it is shit and not really worth mentioning, people of Serbia think their mafia is great even though they make their country look like crap. They have a tendency of picking on countries who either are developing/ just finished war but when Serbia attacks them like spineless pussys they get owned by other NATO who bombs the crap out of them.

They are basically jealous shitheads who start wars and lose them and also think they are Balkans when they aren't.
by robokomo09 July 22, 2010
croatia is so much better, the serbs have nothing that the croatians don't already have!
why are ppl askin why are the serbs hated?! when croatia tried to claim independence after slovenia did, the serbs didn't want this so they brought upon war instead of letting them go freely as slovenia had done! So they started killing croatians instead! Now if croatia is such a shithole then why didn't serbia just let it go and stand on its own two feet?!
by Mala April 04, 2005
WHAT THE HELL???Y r u stupid Serbs saying that Serbia kicked Croatia's ass???Here children i'll tell you how it happened to build up your education.

IN the time of Yugoslavia, the capital was Beograd wich is in Serbia today. So the Serbs got everything and they controled most of Yugoslavia. Croatians too! The languague was called Serbo-Croatian. The muslims didnt have anything(haha) att his time! Then Croatian people got tired of the Serbs having the capital and beign in the same country wit the Serbs so they decided it was time for independence! And then the war between Croats and Serbs began! NOW SEE U LIL STUPIDASS SERBS, if Serbia kicked Croatia's ass , Croatia would still be in Yugoslavia or it would be called Serbia! But the thing is, Croatia kicked Serbia'a ass and won its independence! ANd Croatia is becoming a richer and better country everyday while Serbia is going to hell. Hunger spreading in Serbia, people dying, beign hated by everyone except Russia! So you Serb bastards can just sit there and cry cuz CROATZ kicked ur ass!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Croatian people: Sure, let's go!
by Drazen April 26, 2004
by ALBANIANEAGLE May 09, 2005