State-less nation comprising most of the south of France, some Italian valleys and a small county in Spain. Its language is a group of dialects, including Provençal, of what was once THE European language, the "lenga d'òc". Another dialect of this language broke away in the Middle Ages and became what is now called Catalan, a language currently trying to gain official status in the European Union, much to the dismay of the French government and other idiots.
Occitania has been oppressed by France to the degree that not many people actually know anything about it. Except about some of its cities, like Nice, Bordeaux or Toulouse, and that it has great weather and great beaches.