An SAR (Semi-Autonomous Region) of China. Island west of Hong Kong Portugese colony from the 1500s up until 1999. Gambling hot-spot of China, due to a loosely-regulated free market economy. Where 007 meets Silva's damsel and fights off her bodyguards (one of them gets eaten by a Kimodo dragon) in Skyfall.
Though Macau and Hong Kong are owned by China, they retain strong regional pride.