A historic Indo-European people numbering 30-40 million inhabiting a region known as Kurdistan
since approximately 3000 B.C.
First written record of the Kurds was by Xenophon, a general under Alexander the Great, who noted the troubles the Greek army had when crossing the 'Land of Karda' and being confronted by fierce indigenous warriors.
Kurdistan was partitioned and annexed into Iran
by British colonialist in 1921, after the breakup of the Ottoman empire
This tactical decision was taken in order to allow future manipulation of the Kurdish populations with the aim of destabilise the respective countries.
Having been subjected to various attempts of assimilation and genocidal campaigns, most notably by successive Turkish and Iraqi governments, the Kurds have largely persevered; still retaining the burning passion of self-determination they had when first subjected to Islamic colonialism centuries ago.
The status quo of the Kurdish region is and has always been directly consequential to stability in the Middle East. Six successive Iraqi regimes were deposed due to Kurdish uprisings.
Presently, the capture of a popular Kurdish leader and ostensible reforms in Turkey have largely kept Northern Kurdistan quiet.
Southern Kurdistan (Iraq) has had self-determination and de-facto autonomy for the last 13 years, and looks set to because fully autonomous of the makeshift Iraq government taking power in 2005, provided Islamic fundamentalists do not get their way.
Repressive measures in Easter (Syria) and western (Iran) Kurdistan have been adopted to keep Kurdish independence from happening, however these have been met by civil unrest and an escalation in riots as seen in Quashmili
"The Kurds have no friends but the mountains" - A Kurdish Saying
A group of people consisting 45 million in a region called Kurdistan, that is precisly between Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Armenia. The Kurds have historical root that stretches as far as 12,000 years old. The Kurds have been mentioned by the Greek general and historian Xenophone in his boom "Anabasis," they are mentioned in the Bible as the Medes, the Kurds ancestors, and they are mentioned in the many other ancient historical documents. They are the people who have been resisting assimilation, oppression, suppression, and annhilation by the cruel and in humane actions of the governments of Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Armenia.
The Kurds in the "Anabasis" are mentioned as "strong peace loving people but strong fighters if provoked."
Despite chemical and biological weapons of mas destruction being used on the Kurds twice, durig the 1930's by Winston Churchil and during 1988 by Saddam Hussein; despite genocide being conducted against them from the nations metioned above and the on-going cultural-genocide; and despite the horrendous and heinous actions being used against them such s rape, torture, killings, they Kurds have always rose to defend themselves, defend their rights and are standing tall.
Not a single US Soldier has died or hurt in Kurdistan, the land of the Kurds, while over 4000 have died in Iraq.
kurd stands for the primate familia in general in the ancient language of arabic dictionaries and still remains the same as of today.Arabic language being as old as nearly human civilizations history ( even the word urban comes from arabic meaning a city dwelling for the people living comunal life)..They never really adopted any religions after prophet moses ruled in their land in his reign and gave them 7 rights as was given to other nations live under hebrew ruling since Prophet Noah. These rights given to them still today outweights whatever the state law they live under even islamic rules from Koran is not held more important that these mosaic law that came from torah and this law called the töre as synynom of torah..their language is one of the most primitive and then again the most intricate but still very straight-forward and very much short and to the point.Theirs would be a very very critical and adventurous one for the region and for the world at large..keep an eye !!
In the middle of the earth theres a nation that never really believed in civilisation fake concepts as state and religion and lived as the 6 million year tradition of the walking and talking primate and they are the kurd..