2. Koopa is also the name of their king. Koopa or King Koopa, also known as Bowser or Lord Bowser. But anyone who watched old Mario cartoons or played Super Smash Bros. Melee on Japanese mode knows that already.
Ahem. Anyway, his full name (as far as I know) is King Bowser Koopa.
2. "Hi, Master Koopa! Whatcha doin'?"