Iran used to be a monarcy run by the Shar, but he was corrupt, and liked to use his police a bit too much, many people were dirt poor also. The west backed the Shar but during 1978-1979 the Islamic Revolution occured, and Iran's religious elite (the clerics) siezed power.
Iran today is a kind of semi-democracy, and so is ironically much more legitimate than most of the US 'allies' in the region. However the ruling religious elite are a hot minded bunch who see themselves in the van of a gradiose world-historical movement in which their interpretation of Islam will triumph over their enemies (and incidently give them alot of power).
The Iranians grand ambitions are now manifest in their quest to develop nuclear weapons. They also like to sound off about Israel, the Holocaust, interpretations of Western history, The Crusades, anything which will give them some attention basically.
If the Iranians get close to full enrichment Israel will strike with or without US backing, this will throw the region into chaos. If the US strike the same thing will happan. If the US invades it will be insane and the end of superpower status, but the alternative?
A country which once ruled half the world. Currently under the dictation of an Islamic government, which is ripping the nation to pieces.
Various terrains, such as mountains, jungles, deserts, grasslands, etc., can be found in Iran without much difficulty. Huge natural gas and oil reserves are probably the reason Iran is still on the Map.
There are people of many races, religions and cultures all around Iran.
All 'n all, great country to spend a vacation in, not the place you want to raise your children.
Ruled by the Pahlavi line until 1979, when the religious leader Ayatollah Khomeini came to power. In November 1979, Iranians overran the American embassy in Tehran and took 66 people hostage, some of whom were eventually kept for 444 days. There was a failed American attempt to come rescue the hostages, but it was over a year of negotiation with then-President Jimmy Carter and the fact that Iraq invaded Iran in 1980 (for unrelated reasons) that probably led to the hostages' release after Ronald Reagan had been elected President. Iran and Iraq stayed at war until 1988.
Furthermore, it has been historically shown that any empire that tries to conquer the modern day Iran either losses control of it in about a hundred years, gets destroyed by Iranians, or eventually is taken over by Iranian administrators since the guys who have conquered Iran do not have a clue about running the governments. And given the current case of Iraq, the USA certainly falls under that category.
Furthermore, if the USA attacks Iran, a country with three times the land and populous of Iraq, would very dangerously stretch US forces too thin to effectively engage in an actual threat from another country.
If you research deep iranian,american,and iraqi history, you would find out that the bush senior supported and persuaded saddam to attack iran, a YEAR before the gulf war. What the Hell is going on hear?
but ran by dumbasses who cant keep this great country in good health