(U.S. GOVERNMENT) Employee Retirement Income Security Act (1974); federal law that sets minimum standards for most voluntarily established pension and health plans in private industry to provide protection for individuals in these plans.

Very important law was supposed to ensure that employer pension plans were (a) managed by qualified, ethical people, and (b) those people did not take excessive risks with the funds paid into the pensions.

ERISA was subsequently weakened by a Department of Labor ruling in 1978 that allowed pension fund managers to invest in riskier types of portfolios. At the same time this occurred, financial managers were stuck with negative real interest rates, and high inflation. So there was an urgent need for financial vehicles with high yield.

As a result, pension fund money flowed into the new hedge funds and junk bonds.

Another major change to ERISA was the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (COBRA-1986) allows workers recently unemployed from a job to keep their group health insurance coverage for a limited period of time.

ERISA regulations for vesting pension benefits were watered down during the '90's, resulting in massive risk taking and erosion of income security for middle class Usonians.
Because the 1978 changes in federal policy were correlated with the flows of venture capital while the 1986 change was not, it seems reasonable to infer than the ERISA ruling was probably more important than the reduction in the capital gains tax in stimulating the flow of venture capital in 1978.

{William D. Bygrave, Jeffry A. Timmons, *Venture capital at the crossroads* Harvard (1992), p.272}

In most years since 1986, Congress has passed revisions to ERISA; during this time, voluntary pension funds have become a tool of economic policy management.
by Septimus Severance September 05, 2010
This is a girl who has everything going for her. They are very rare not only because of the rare name but because of the combination of excellent personality and beautiful physical features. They have a clouded past that can cause some problems but they are strong women who don't let the past get in the way of what's going well for them in the present. They have a weird sense of humor but when you get to know them, it grows on you and brings out the weirdness in you in a good way and before you know it, you have fallen in love with Erisa and you never want to let her leave. Having a banging body sure doesn't hurt either as an Erisa always will. If you meet one, snatch her up and never let her go because she will love you with all her heart.
Yo bro, I met this girl Erisa. She is so fine and cracks me up all the time. She's a keeper.
by smb805 April 15, 2013

Free Daily Email

Type your email address below to get our free Urban Word of the Day every morning!

Emails are sent from daily@urbandictionary.com. We'll never spam you.

×