The largest and most populous country in Great Britain, the largest island of an archapelago located 20 miles to the North-West of the European continent. England has borders with Scotland and Wales; Elsewhere, it is mainly bounded by the North sea and the English Channel.
It's capital city is London, which is also it's main economical and governmental heart. The government itself is known as a parliamentary democracy consisting of political parties whose members are elected into 'seats' in the House of Commons. Each member represents a constituency (usually a city or group of towns) and if elected is then known as an MP or Member of Parliament.
The Monarchy of England is symbolic and plays no powerful role in the political system, although they are the rulers of the State, and the Commonwealth by name.
London is also the capital city of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, with it's members: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland (in order of land mass).
Britain had the largest empire ever known, covering just under one third of the Earth's surface, on which "the sun never set."
==> The name 'England' derives from "Angle-Land" from the Anglo-Saxons who settled here in the 4th-8th centuries A.D. Which also explains foreign names for our country, e.g. "Angleterre" in French.
ENGLISH PERSON 2: "Oh. Me too."
Together with Scotish enlghtenment (mainly based in Edinburgh) Welsh raw materials, Irish manpower. The English played a huge part in turning Great Britain into the first truly industrialised nation.
It also (again with the aid of the other home nations) formed the largest empire the world had yet seen. Strangely the English attempts at Empire had been successful but not greatly so, while the Scots had failed in panama. When the two combined however things really took off (strange)
The English also proved themselves to be a strong fighting nation both on sea and land and contrary to popular myth were equal to the other home nation regiments. For some reason many seem to believe that a race of people that sailed across the North sea and took over much of the fertile land of Great Britain and then fought virtualy non stop with Europe, should be considered pansies.
The English are now a hugely mixed group, however as they consider and take pride in their mixed basterdised background (creating a better stronger gene pool) this has had no real negative consequences unless a group is clearly segregating themselves (hence the dislike of the muslim veil)
The English relationship with the rest of the U.K. has been tense for many years in the past due mainly to the constant wars between themselves with no clear outcome other than pointless arguements over things that happened in the middle ages.
The main cause for dislike now is not so much cultural differences (as there are none to speak of other than accents)it is more of a dislike based on news reports wanting to create hatred. Football and Rugby matches that are treated like wars (its only a sodding game)and a sense of calling yoursef different for the sake of wanting to be different. This has been fueled by a largely pointless and over nostalgic view of the past in many celtic countries which now believe they can improve themselves by dressing stupidly and speaking languages that are basically defunct. rather like the Italians reverting to Latin on a whim or the English learning Anglo Saxon.
In short, England is the artistic and cultural heart of the world.
WE MAY HAVE A CRAP FOOTBALL TEAM, BUT WE INVENTED FOOTBALL, SO HOW BOUT THAT! in conclusion, England is a phenominal country, and has achieved so much!