Flag: Tricolor of red, white and black horizontal stripes, with a golden eagle on the white stripe.
Population: On 1/1/2005, the Egyptian population was estimated at approximately 70 million.
Area: Around one million square km. of these, only around 55 thousands square km (i.e. 5.5%) are populated.
- To the North: Mediterranean Sea
- To the South: Sudan
- To the East: Gaza Strip, Israel and the Red Sea
- To the West: Libya
Language: Arabic is the official language. English is widely spoken in business circles also french.
Climate: Generally dry climate. Moderate temperatures and humidity prevail on the Mediterranean coast, while in southern Egypt, the summer is hot and the winter is generally warm.
Currency: Egyptian Pound (L.E.) = 100 Piasters.
Exchange Rate: US$ 1 = L.E. 5.73 (Dec. 2005 Preliminary figures).
Time Zone: GMT + 2 . Egypt observes daylight saving time during the summer months.
Business Hours: Government offices & The private sector normally works five days a week , Sunday through Thursday.