Many societies, such as the Shakers in America, the Incas in Peru, the Essines in Israel, and many Early Christian groups, have practiced forms of communism.
But Communism with Das Kapital C didn't come about until the mid 1800s when Karl Marx wrote the Communist Manifesto, which stated that Society was always going through transitions (the last two being Feudalism, and Capitalism), and that now was the time for a transition into a Socialist economy, which would lead to a classless society, which he called "Communism". Marx recognised the effectiveness of Capitalism, but saw that it was only another step in this chain.
One of the most contraversial points about Modern Communism is that it is vocally Athiest, as Marx had said "Religion is the Opium of The People." This is because Marx's father was forced to convert from Judaism to Christianity in order to get a job in a largely anti-semitic country. Because of this, the young Marx decided that religion was fleeting, and was a tool of the opressor to bind the people. Despite this, many religious-based communistic societies have existed.
In the early 1900s, in Russia, long after marx's death, the Tsar Alexander II had declared war on Japan. Russia, after a devistating defeat in the Russo-Japanese War, and heavy losses in World War I, the people were ready for a new government. Many looked to Marxism. These were lead by intellectuals such as Vladamir Ulyanov "Lenin", and Leon Trotsky. They called themselves the Bolsheviks, and pelieved that the Proletariat, The workers, must triumph in an armed revolution. In 1917, the Tsar was deposed, and followed by a capitalistic Provisional Government. This didn't cut it for the Bolsheviks, and the Bolsheviks soon gained control of Russia.
At first, the new Soviet Union seemed like a genuine Marxist state, but soon an upstart named Josef "Stalin" "The Man of Steel", began his deadly regime, which effectively ended the idea of a just Communist state.
the same thing was played out all over the world in places like China, and Cuba. Corrupt dictators hijacked Communistic ideals and used them for their own personal good.
So thus the great notions of Communism will forever be tainted by the terror of corrupt dictators.
There are certain ideas of Communism. It promotes equality and in theory turns out to be a classless society.
To put it simply, in Communism- you contribute what you are able to do, and you get paid the same amount of money as everyone else.
What that means is, if Im able to work 7 hours, and my friend Johnny is able to work only 3 hours, we would both earn the same amount of money, say 100 dollars. In theory, people would be happy and okay with the idea that the guy in a cubical next to them in an office works half as much (because that's all they are able to work), but gets paid the same as a guy who works twice as much as him.
In an ideal Communism, there is no set line of productivity. Communism depends entirely on the people. In theory, people would honestly work as much as they are capable of working. Some can work more, and some can work less. But in theory, everybody would be honest with themselves and work as hard as they can, without slacking off. When Russia gave Communism a shot, it failed miserably. People understood that since there was no line of minimal productivity, and since there was the idea of "do what you can, get what everybody else gets", people simply said that they were only capable of working two hours, and still got a set payment of money. So in reality, people werent doing shit, producing very little, and the government still payed them.
However, the govenment COULD NOT suddenly set a line of minimal productivity, as it would go against the idea of people working as much as they are honestly capable of working. As it turned out, people saw that they would still get payed a set amount of money no matter how much they worked, so they simply did as little as possible. What Russia did do, however, was tell the people to work for longer. Russia told the people that they should work longer, as they couldnt set up a line of productivity. So, the little work that people did over four hours was now divided over 7 hours. So per hour, people were doing very little.
The theory of Communism is not meant for people. We have our own nature. Of, out of nowhere Communsm did work with humans, it would completely change our nature, and therefore change everything about humans and human history. The bottum line is that COMMUNISM DOESNT WORK WITH PEOPLE.
Communism always turns into a dictatorship-like country.
However, there is a form of Communism in the lives of ants and termites. They do what they are able to do, work hard, and share the food with the whole colony. Is this really exactly "ideal Communism"? Not exactly, but it is something. You have to remember that ants and termites have this sort of nature and are born into this. Humans are not meant to live in Communism. It doesnt work.
Contary to common belief:
There has never been a communist nation. Socialism isn't communism because it doesn't stress revolution, rather communist'esque reforms. The term soviet best describes most of the previous 'communist' nations, as soviet is a progressional communist state (becoming communist)
Communism ISN'T like facism. They are political opposites. Facists support the upper-class and privitisation.
Communism has NOTHING to do with dictators, there have been many democratic systems that have been communist (e.g. Chille)
The comunist nations haven't collapsed because they are essentially flawed, they have collapsed because they have been met with massive opposition from the upper class (Who controls the capitalist nations) and basically killed.
Economically communism (a planned/command economy) can be very powerful, any comparison however is poor because we don't have a communist world with a few capitalist nations to compare our's to.
Generally dismissed on the grounds of "Good in theory, bad in practice" This statement is a conclusion, not an argumnet guys. By definition something that is 'good in theory' is 'good in practice' or it is in fact 'bad in theory'
Any Commmunist is someone who strives for the betterment of man, true allturism.
Communism needs democracy as the human body needs oxygen
This idea is truly a great one, although it has never been put into practice.
Someone with any scrap of intelligence: Shut the f*ck up.
It is sometimes used incorrectly to classify certain countries that are simply dictatorial or socialist, not communist.