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Blood & Honour is a neo-Nazi music promotion network founded in 1987 and composed of white power skinheads and other white nationalists. The group organises white power concerts by Rock Against Communism (RAC) bands and distributes a magazine of the same name. There are official divisions in several different countries around the world. It is listed as a hate group by the Southern Poverty Law Center.more...
Ian Stuart Donaldson, singer of the band Skrewdriver, was the founder and one of the prominent leaders until his death in 1993. Blood & Honour took its name from the motto of the Hitler Youth, Blut und Ehre. Sometimes the code 28 stands for Blood & Honour, derived from the second and eighth letters of the Latin alphabet, B and H. Blood & Honour has an armed wing called Combat 18 (C18), which has carried out racist attacks, acts of vandalism and terrorism.
The roots of Blood and Honour go back to 1977 in the United Kingdom, when the white nationalist National Front (NF) founded a music-based movement, Rock Against Communism (RAC), in response to the Anti-Nazi League's Rock Against Racism campaign. By 1980, a new version of the formerly non-racist punk rock band Skrewdriver — by then a white power skinhead band — relaunched the RAC movement.
With the aid of the NF, the White Noise Club (WNC) organized concerts under the RAC name, and the RAC movement grew throughout 1983 and 1984. Despite the absence of formal advertising, concert attendance averaged about 600 people. ...