2) Not believing in a god, and often, the divine and supernatural in general.
Atheism's followers are called "Atheists"; many ignorant rednecks, however, mistake them for anti-chrisians, satanists, et cetera. Many atheists be that way secretly, to avoid persecution, they are called "closet atheists".
Atheism is bases upon the fact that there is absolutely no solid evidence to show that gods exist. Primitave humans invented gods to explain things they were not advanced enough to explain themselves. Once civiliation was secured, philosophy and science could really start. Parent-to-child indocterination, mostly, has kept religion alive this far.
A word for the western world... They say that atheists single-out chrisitans, never bothering jews, muslums, hindus, etc. Sometimes, that's true in countries where christians are the majority. And when that's the case, they tend to make life hard for minorities. In America, most persecution against atheists comes from christians; so, contempt for christians is developed.
Foolish persons blame the death of over 100 million on the atheism of Stalin and Mao. To assume anyone would base EVERY action on their religion, or lack of one, is uterly irrational. Stalin was paranoid, he killed anyone he had the slightest bad feeling about. His perscution of the orthodox church was not for the sake of atheism, but punishment for supporting the czars. He spared muslums not becau...
1. Healthy Atheists. These people simply don't follow any particular religious faith and generally don't concern themselves with attempting to prove to the religious that nonbelief is the way to go.
2. Militant Atheists. These are the guys that take Atheism and turn it into a zealous religion that is focused almost entirely on defaming, badmouthing, and attempting to disprove most or all religious faiths, although in many cases the individual Militant Atheist will focus only on one particular religion to direct their stream of hate at. They appear to be roughly as populous as fundamentalist Christians are on the Internet, and it appears that these two groups imagine themselves to be in mortal combat with one another, judging by some of the crap found on their sites.
Agnostics thinks that because there has never been any proof of god, it is a possiblity that there may be no god. Angostics do not deny god, but rather believe that there can be no proof of god.
Strong atheists believe that there is no god. A strong atheist may argue that no god exists because science points to other starts of life.
Atheism is taken up by many intelleuctial figures such as Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Abraham Lincoln, Douglas Adams, Bill Gates, and pretty much anyone with a brain.
Atheism in it's essence, is asking the question "why."
Christian: "The Bible was written by god."
Atheist:"If the bible was written by god, show me where he is."
Christan: "God isn't on earth, he lives in heaven."
Atheist: "Show me where heaven is."