A normal tree that is grown in a pot. It is not starved of nutrients. It is kept small partly by the pot but mainly by the trimming of roots and by pruning. Left to grown by themselves and they will not really look like a tree at all. It must be pruned and trained to look like a tree. It is merely an illusion. This is why bonsai is often refered to as living art. The art of making a wooded shrub look like a tree.
Serissa Japonica (Tree Of A Thousand stars)
Ulmus Parvifolia (Chinese Elm)
Fraxinus Aspera (Japanese Ash)
Nonsical number with remarkable properties like PI. It is often refered to as 'The Golden Ratio', 'The Golden Mean' or 'The Divine Proportion'. Is commonly reduced down to 1.618. A lot of things in nature follow this ration but it is now quite known why yet. PHI has been popularised by 'The Da Vinci Code' by Dan Brown, which can't be a bad thing as it makes people more aware of this remarkable number. A lot of renaissance painters and architects used it in their work, but it has been used for a lot longer. The ancient Greeks were aware of PHI and the ratio can even be traced back to Pagan times.
'PHI is one H of a lot cooler than PI'. (Quote from 'The Da vinci Code')
The Golden Ratio
The Golden Mean
The Divine Proportion