Several scholars suggest that he was likely the most important god in the Roman archaic pantheon: He was often
invoked together with Iuppiter
in his regulation
of the Roman calendar called the first month Januarius after Janus, at the time the highest divinity.
In general, Janus was the patron of concrete
and abstract beginnings, such the religion and the Gods themselves, of the world and the human life, of new historical ages, economical
According to Macrobius and Cicero, Janus and Jana are a pair of divinities, worshipped as the sun and moon, whence
they were regarded as the highest of the gods, and received their sacrifices
before all the others.
He was frequently used to symbolize change and transitions
such as the progression of past
to future, of one condition to another, of one vision to another, the growing up of young people, and of one universe to another. He was also known as the figure representing time because
he could see into
the past with
one face and into
the future with