Albert Hofmann (January 11, 1906 – April 29, 2008) was a Swiss scientist best known for having been the first to synthesize, ingest and learn of the psychedelic effects of lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD). Hofmann authored more than 100 scientific articles and wrote a number of books, including LSD: My Problem Child. On January 11, 2006, Hofmann became a centenarian, and the occasion of his 100th birthday was the focus of an international symposium on LSD.
Hofmann knew he had indeed made a significant discovery after the first LSD trip, which during, he rode his bike home.
A psychoactive substance with extraordinary potency, capable of causing paradigm shifts of consciousness in incredibly low doses, Hofmann foresaw the drug as a powerful psychiatric tool; due to its intense and introspective nature, he couldn’t imagine anyone using it recreationally.
Hoffman always expressed his disappointment with LSD eventually being criminalised, saying the drug had the potential to deal with psychological problems caused by "materialism, alienation from nature through industrialisation and increasing urbanisation, lack of satisfaction in professional employment in a mechanised, lifeless working world, ennui and purposelessness in wealthy, saturated society, and lack of a religious, nurturing, and meaningful philosophical foundation of life"
He will always be remembered, loved, and respected by a much larger group of people than just the psychedelic community. Despite the controversy, Hoffman became a celebrated figure in the scientific community, and in his retirement served as a member of the Nobel Prize Committee as well as being a Fellow of the World Academy of Sciences.
In 1988 the Albert Hoffman Foundation was created "to assemble and maintain an international library and archive devoted to the study of human consciousness and related fields."
Albert Hofmann was the first to discover and synthesize LSD.
Albert Hofmann called LSD "medicine for the soul"
Shamanism combines a range of traditional beliefs and practices focusing on communication with the spirit world, and higher power. A practitioner of shamanism is known as a shaman.
There are many variations of shamanism throughout the world, but several common beliefs are shared by all forms of shamanism. Shamans are intermediaries between the human and spirit worlds. According to believers, they can treat illness and are capable of entering supernatural realms to obtain answers to the problems of their community.
"Shamanism must take a lot of heart, care and dedication."
Neurotheology is a study of neuroscience and spirituality. It focuses on how spiritual experiences, revelations, and epiphanies affect our neurological system.
has been practicing this for thousands of years, shamanism is more focused on the spirituality aspect - healing and having these experiences, rather than doing actual neuroscientific studies to prove it's positivity, and capability to help many people.
"While the term neurotheology is new, the basic ideas have been around for thousands of years" says Dr. Michael Winkelman, Department of Anthropology, Arizona State University. "Many cultures have developed technologies for altering consciousness and inducing spiritual experiences." Winkelman describes shamanism- an ancient healing practice- within the context of neurotheology.
one of the most intense bongs I've smoked, with the entirety resembling the shape of the bowels of Satan.
"Pass me Satan's Bowels!"
"Pack a bowl in Satan's Bowels"
"Satan's Bowels got me RIPPED!!!"
Slang for bad marijuana. Derived from the word bush, as it is said with a carribean accent.
"This is some boosh weed!"
"Yo, where'd you get this boosh?"
"Nobody wants to smoke boosh marijuana!!!"